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Type.IsAssignableFrom Method

Determines whether an instance of a specified type can be assigned to the current type instance.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public virtual bool IsAssignableFrom(
	Type c
)

Parameters

c
Type: System.Type

The type to compare with the current type.

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if any of the following conditions is true:
  • c and the current instance represent the same type.

  • c is derived either directly or indirectly from the current instance.

  • The current instance is an interface that c implements.

  • c is a generic type parameter, and the current instance represents one of the constraints of c.

  • c represents a value type, and the current instance represents Nullable<c> (Nullable(Of c) in Visual Basic).

false if none of these conditions are true, or if c is null.

Implements

_Type.IsAssignableFrom(Type)

This method can be overridden by a derived class.

NoteNote

A generic type definition is not assignable from a closed constructed type. That is, you cannot assign the closed constructed type MyGenericList<int> (MyGenericList(Of Integer) in Visual Basic) to a variable of type MyGenericList<T>.

If the c parameter is of type TypeBuilder, the result is based on the type that is to be built. The following code example demonstrates this using a built type named B.

using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;

public class A
{}

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      AppDomain domain = AppDomain.CurrentDomain;
      AssemblyName assemName = new AssemblyName();
      assemName.Name = "TempAssembly";

      // Define a dynamic assembly in the current application domain.
      AssemblyBuilder assemBuilder = domain.DefineDynamicAssembly(assemName,
                                            AssemblyBuilderAccess.Run);

      // Define a dynamic module in this assembly.
      ModuleBuilder moduleBuilder = assemBuilder.DefineDynamicModule("TempModule");

      TypeBuilder b1 = moduleBuilder.DefineType("B", TypeAttributes.Public, typeof(A));
      Console.WriteLine(typeof(A).IsAssignableFrom(b1));
   }
}
// The example displays the following output: 
//        True

The following example demonstrates the IsAssignableFrom method using defined classes, integer arrays, and generics.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
class Program
{
    public static void Main()
    {
            // Demonstrate classes:
            Console.WriteLine("Defined Classes:");
            Room room1 = new Room();
            Kitchen kitchen1 = new Kitchen();
            Bedroom bedroom1 = new Bedroom();
            Guestroom guestroom1 = new Guestroom();
            MasterBedroom masterbedroom1 = new MasterBedroom();

            Type room1Type = room1.GetType();
            Type kitchen1Type = kitchen1.GetType();
            Type bedroom1Type = bedroom1.GetType();
            Type guestroom1Type = guestroom1.GetType();
            Type masterbedroom1Type = masterbedroom1.GetType();

            Console.WriteLine("room assignable from kitchen: {0}", room1Type.IsAssignableFrom(kitchen1Type));
            Console.WriteLine("bedroom assignable from guestroom: {0}", bedroom1Type.IsAssignableFrom(guestroom1Type));
            Console.WriteLine("kitchen assignable from masterbedroom: {0}", kitchen1Type.IsAssignableFrom(masterbedroom1Type));

            // Demonstrate arrays:
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("Integer arrays:");

            int[] array2 = new int[2];
            int[] array10 = new int[10];
            int[,] array22 = new int[2, 2];
            int[,] array24 = new int[2, 4];

            Type array2Type = array2.GetType();
            Type array10Type = array10.GetType();
            Type array22Type = array22.GetType();
            Type array24Type = array24.GetType();

            Console.WriteLine("int[2] assignable from int[10]: {0}", array2Type.IsAssignableFrom(array10Type));
            Console.WriteLine("int[2] assignable from int[2,4]: {0}", array2Type.IsAssignableFrom(array24Type));
            Console.WriteLine("int[2,4] assignable from int[2,2]: {0}", array24Type.IsAssignableFrom(array22Type));

            // Demonstrate generics:
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("Generics:");

            // Note that "int?[]" is the same as "Nullable<int>[]" 
            int?[] arrayNull = new int?[10];
            List<int> genIntList = new List<int>();
            List<Type> genTList = new List<Type>();

            Type arrayNullType = arrayNull.GetType();
            Type genIntListType = genIntList.GetType();
            Type genTListType = genTList.GetType();

            Console.WriteLine("int[10] assignable from int?[10]: {0}", array10Type.IsAssignableFrom(arrayNullType));
            Console.WriteLine("List<int> assignable from List<Type>: {0}", genIntListType.IsAssignableFrom(genTListType));
            Console.WriteLine("List<Type> assignable from List<int>: {0}", genTListType.IsAssignableFrom(genIntListType));

            Console.ReadLine();

    }
}
class Room
{
}

class Kitchen : Room
{
}

class Bedroom : Room
{
}

class Guestroom : Bedroom
{
}

class MasterBedroom : Bedroom
{
}

//This code example produces the following output: 
// 
// Defned Classes: 
// room assignable from kitchen: True 
// bedroom assignable from guestroom: True 
// kitchen assignable from masterbedroom: False 
// 
// Integer arrays: 
// int[2] assignable from int[10]: True 
// int[2] assignable from int[2,4]: False 
// int[2,4] assignable from int[2,2]: True 
// 
// Generics: 
// int[10] assignable from int?[10]: False 
// List<int> assignable from List<Type>: False 
// List<Type> assignable from List<int>: False

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library
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