Expression.ArrayAccess Method (Expression, IEnumerable<Expression>)

Creates an IndexExpression to access a multidimensional array.

Namespace:  System.Linq.Expressions
Assemblies:   System.Core (in System.Core.dll)
  System.Linq.Expressions (in System.Linq.Expressions.dll)

public static IndexExpression ArrayAccess(
	Expression array,
	IEnumerable<Expression> indexes
)

Parameters

array
Type: System.Linq.Expressions.Expression

An expression that represents the multidimensional array.

indexes
Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<Expression>

An IEnumerable<T> containing expressions used to index the array.

The expression that represents the array can be obtained by using the MakeMemberAccess method, or through NewArrayBounds or NewArrayInit.

The following code example shows how to change the value of an element in a multidimensional array by using the ArrayAccess method.

            // Add the following directive to your file: 
            // using System.Linq.Expressions;   

            // This parameter expression represents a variable that will hold the two-dimensional array.
            ParameterExpression arrayExpr = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int[,]), "Array");

            // This parameter expression represents a first array index.            
            ParameterExpression firstIndexExpr = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int), "FirstIndex");
            // This parameter expression represents a second array index.            
            ParameterExpression secondIndexExpr = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int), "SecondIndex");

            // The list of indexes.
            List<Expression> indexes = new List<Expression> { firstIndexExpr, secondIndexExpr };


            // This parameter represents the value that will be added to a corresponding array element.
            ParameterExpression valueExpr = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int), "Value");

            // This expression represents an access operation to a multidimensional array. 
            // It can be used for assigning to, or reading from, an array element.
            Expression arrayAccessExpr = Expression.ArrayAccess(
                arrayExpr,
                indexes
            );

            // This lambda expression assigns a value provided to it to a specified array element. 
            // The array, the index of the array element, and the value to be added to the element 
            // are parameters of the lambda expression.
            Expression<Func<int[,], int, int, int, int>> lambdaExpr =
                Expression.Lambda<Func<int[,], int, int, int, int>>(
                    Expression.Assign(arrayAccessExpr, Expression.Add(arrayAccessExpr, valueExpr)),
                    arrayExpr,
                    firstIndexExpr,
                    secondIndexExpr,
                    valueExpr
            );

            // Print out expressions.
            Console.WriteLine("Array Access Expression:");
            Console.WriteLine(arrayAccessExpr.ToString());

            Console.WriteLine("Lambda Expression:");
            Console.WriteLine(lambdaExpr.ToString());

            Console.WriteLine("The result of executing the lambda expression:");

            // The following statement first creates an expression tree, 
            // then compiles it, and then executes it. 
            // Parameters passed to the Invoke method are passed to the lambda expression. 
            int[,] sampleArray = { {10,  20,   30},
                                   {100, 200, 300}};
            Console.WriteLine(lambdaExpr.Compile().Invoke(sampleArray, 1, 1, 5));

            // This code example produces the following output: 
            // 
            // Array Access Expression: 
            // Array[FirstIndex, SecondIndex] 

            // Lambda Expression: 
            // (Array, FirstIndex, SecondIndex Value) =>  
            // (Array[FirstIndex, SecondIndex] = (Array[FirstIndex, SecondIndex] + Value)) 

            // The result of executing the lambda expression: 
            // 205

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8
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