in Operator (JavaScript)


Tests for the existence of a property in an object.

result = property in object


Required. Any variable.


Required. An expression that evaluates to a string expression.


Required. Any object.

The in operator determines whether an object has a property named property. It also determines whether the property is part of the object's prototype chain. For more information about object prototypes, see Prototypes and Prototype Inheritance.


The following example shows how to use the in operator:

// Create an object that has some properties.
var myObject = new Object(); = "James";
myObject.age = "22"; = "555 0234";

if ("phone" in myObject)
   document.write ("property is present");
   document.write ("property is not present");

// Output: property is present


Supported in the following document modes: Quirks, Internet Explorer 6 standards, Internet Explorer 7 standards, Internet Explorer 8 standards, Internet Explorer 9 standards, Internet Explorer 10 standards, Internet Explorer 11 standards. Also supported in Store apps (Windows 8 and Windows Phone 8.1). See Version Information.