Was this page helpful?
Your feedback about this content is important. Let us know what you think.
Additional feedback?
1500 characters remaining
Export (0) Print
Expand All

Randomize Function (Visual Basic)

Initializes the random-number generator.

Public Shared Sub Randomize ([ Number ])

Number

Optional. An Object or any valid numeric expression.

Randomize uses Number to initialize the Rnd function's random-number generator, giving it a new seed value. If you omit Number, the value returned by the system timer is used as the new seed value.

If Randomize is not used, the Rnd function (with no arguments) uses the same number as a seed the first time it is called, and thereafter uses the last-generated number as a seed value.

NoteNote:

To repeat sequences of random numbers, call Rnd with a negative argument immediately before using Randomize with a numeric argument. Using Randomize with the same value for Number does not repeat the previous sequence.

Security noteSecurity Note:

Because the Random statement and the Rnd function start with a seed value and generate numbers that fall within a finite range, the results may be predictable by someone who knows the algorithm used to generate them. Consequently, the Random statement and the Rnd function should not be used to generate random numbers for use in cryptography. For more information, see RandomNumberGenerator.

This example uses the Randomize statement to initialize the random-number generator. Because the number argument has been omitted, Randomize uses the return value from the Timer function as the new seed value.

' Initialize the random-number generator.
Randomize()
' Generate random value between 1 and 6. 
Dim value As Integer = CInt(Int((6 * Rnd()) + 1))

Namespace: Microsoft.VisualBasic

Module: VBMath

Assembly: Visual Basic Runtime Library (in Microsoft.VisualBasic.dll)

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2015 Microsoft