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ArrayList::Sort Method

Updated: October 2008

Sorts the elements in the entire ArrayList.

Namespace:  System.Collections
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public:
virtual void Sort()

ExceptionCondition
NotSupportedException

The ArrayList is read-only.

This method uses Array::Sort, which uses the QuickSort algorithm. The QuickStort algorithm is a comparison sort (also called an unstable sort), which means that a "less than or equal to" comparison operation determines which of two elements should occur first in the final sorted list. However, if two elements are equal, their original order might not be preserved. In contrast, a stable sort preserves the order of elements that are equal. To perform a stable sort, you must implement a custom IComparer interface to use with the other overloads of this method.

On average, this method is an O(n log n) operation, where n is Count; in the worst case it is an O(n^2) operation.

The following code example shows how to sort the values in an ArrayList.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList );
int main()
{

   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "The" );
   myAL->Add( "quick" );
   myAL->Add( "brown" );
   myAL->Add( "fox" );
   myAL->Add( "jumps" );
   myAL->Add( "over" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "lazy" );
   myAL->Add( "dog" );

   // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "The ArrayList initially contains the following values:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );

   // Sorts the values of the ArrayList.
   myAL->Sort();

   // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After sorting:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
}

void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList )
{
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myList->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0}", obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.

 The ArrayList initially contains the following values:
    The
    quick
    brown
    fox
    jumps
    over
    the
    lazy
    dog

 After sorting:
    brown
    dog
    fox
    jumps
    lazy
    over
    quick
    the
    The
 */

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

Date

History

Reason

October 2008

Revised the Remarks section to note that the QuickSort algorithm is a comparison sort.

Information enhancement.

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