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How to: Inherit from Existing Windows Forms Controls

If you want to extend the functionality of an existing control, you can create a control derived from an existing control through inheritance. When inheriting from an existing control, you inherit all of the functionality and visual properties of that control. For example, if you were creating a control that inherited from Button, your new control would look and act exactly like a standard Button control. You could then extend or modify the functionality of your new control through the implementation of custom methods and properties. In some controls, you can also change the visual appearance of your inherited control by overriding its OnPaint method.

NoteNote:

The dialog boxes and menu commands you see might differ from those described in Help depending on your active settings or edition. To change your settings, choose Import and Export Settings on the Tools menu. For more information, see Visual Studio Settings.

To create an inherited control

  1. Create a new Windows project.

    This project can be of any type, such as a Windows Application project or a Windows Control Library project. If you choose a Windows Control Library, you can use the blank control provided and skip steps 2 and 3.

  2. From the Project menu, choose Add User Control.

    The Add New Item dialog box appears.

  3. In the Add New Item dialog box, double-click Custom Control.

    A new custom control is added to your project.

  4. In the Code Editor, locate the line that specifies Control as the base class to inherit from. Change the name of the base class to the name of the control from which you want to inherit.

    For example, if you want to inherit from Button, the line would read:

    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Button
    

    public class CustomControl1 : System.Windows.Forms.Button
    

    public class CustomControl1
       extends System.Windows.Forms.Button
    
  5. Implement any custom methods or properties that your control will incorporate.

  6. If you want to modify the graphical appearance of your control, override the OnPaint method.

    NoteNote:

    Overriding OnPaint will not allow you to modify the appearance of all controls. Those controls that have all of their painting done by Windows (for example, TextBox) never call their OnPaint method, and thus will never use the custom code. Refer to the Help documentation for the particular control you want to modify to see if the OnPaint method is available. For a list of all the Windows Form Controls, see Controls to Use on Windows Forms. If a control does not have OnPaint listed as a member method, you cannot alter its appearance by overriding this method. For more information about custom painting, see Custom Control Painting and Rendering.

    Protected Overrides Sub OnPaint(ByVal pe As _
       System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs)
       MyBase.OnPaint(pe)
       ' Insert code to do custom painting. If you want to completely
       ' change the appearance of your control, do not call
       ' MyBase.OnPaint(pe).
    End Sub
    

    protected override void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs pe)
    {
       // Do not call base.OnPaint if you want to completely
       // control the appearance of the control.
       base.OnPaint(pe);
       // Insert code to do custom painting.
    }
    

    protected void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs pe) 
    {
       // Do not call base.OnPaint if you want to completely
       // control the appearance of the control.
       super.OnPaint(pe);
       // Insert code to do custom painting.
    }
    
  7. Save and test your control.

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