HttpWebRequest.AddRange Method (Int32, Int32)
Adds a byte range header to the request for a specified range.
Assembly: System (in System.dll)
The HttpWebRequest.AddRange method adds a byte range header to the request.
Since all HTTP entities are represented in HTTP messages as sequences of bytes, the concept of a byte range is meaningful for any HTTP entity. However, not all clients and servers need to support byte-range operations.
The Range header on a request allows a client to request that it only wants to receive some part of the specified range of bytes in an HTTP entity. Servers are not required to support Range header requests.
An example of a Range header in an HTTP protocol request that requests the first 100 bytes would be would be the following:
For this example, the from parameter would be specified as 0 and the to parameter would be specified as 99. The range specifier is automatically set as "bytes" by this method.
A HTTP server indicates support for Range headers with the Accept-Ranges header. An example of the Accept-Ranges header from a server that supports byte-ranges would be as follows:
If an Accept-Ranges header is not received in the header of the response from the server, then the server does not support Range headers. An example of the Accept-Ranges header from a server that does not support ranges, but recognizes the Accept-Ranges header, would be as follows:
When receiving the response from a range request, only the HTTP headers associated with the entire request are parsed and made available via properties on the HttpWebResponse class. Headers associated with each range are returned in the response.
The following code example adds a range header to the request.
' A New 'HttpWebRequest' objetc is created. Dim myHttpWebRequest As HttpWebRequest = WebRequest.Create("http://www.contoso.com") myHttpWebRequest.AddRange(50, 150) Console.WriteLine("Call AddRange(50, 150)") Console.Write("Resulting Request Headers: ") Console.WriteLine(myHttpWebRequest.Headers.ToString()) ' The response object of 'HttpWebRequest' is assigned to a 'HttpWebResponse' variable. Dim myHttpWebResponse As HttpWebResponse = CType(myHttpWebRequest.GetResponse(), HttpWebResponse) ' Displays the headers in the response received Console.Write("Resulting Response Headers: ") Console.WriteLine(myHttpWebResponse.Headers.ToString()) ' Displaying the contents of the page to the console Dim streamResponse As Stream = myHttpWebResponse.GetResponseStream() Dim streamRead As New StreamReader(streamResponse) Dim readBuffer(256) As [Char] Dim count As Integer = streamRead.Read(readBuffer, 0, 256) Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "The HTML contents of the page from 50th to 150 charaters are :" + ControlChars.Cr + " ") While count > 0 Dim outputData As New [String](readBuffer, 0, count) Console.WriteLine(outputData) count = streamRead.Read(readBuffer, 0, 256) End While ' Release the response object resources. streamRead.Close() streamResponse.Close() myHttpWebResponse.Close()
Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2
The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.