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MethodBuilder.GetILGenerator Method

Returns an ILGenerator for this method with a default Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) stream size of 64 bytes.

Namespace:  System.Reflection.Emit
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

'Declaration
Public Function GetILGenerator As ILGenerator

Return Value

Type: System.Reflection.Emit.ILGenerator
Returns an ILGenerator object for this method.

ExceptionCondition
InvalidOperationException

The method should not have a body because of its MethodAttributes or MethodImplAttributes flags, for example because it has the MethodAttributes.PinvokeImpl flag.

-or-

The method is a generic method, but not a generic method definition. That is, the IsGenericMethod property is true, but the IsGenericMethodDefinition property is false.

The code sample below demonstrates the contextual usage of the GetILGenerator method, creating and emitting a dynamic assembly that will calculate the dot product of two points in 3D space.

Imports System
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Reflection.Emit

 _


Class TestILGenerator


   Public Shared Function DynamicDotProductGen() As Type

      Dim ivType As Type = Nothing 
      Dim ctorParams() As Type = {GetType(Integer), GetType(Integer), GetType(Integer)}

      Dim myDomain As AppDomain = Thread.GetDomain()
      Dim myAsmName As New AssemblyName()
      myAsmName.Name = "IntVectorAsm" 

      Dim myAsmBuilder As AssemblyBuilder = myDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly( _
					    myAsmName, _
					    AssemblyBuilderAccess.RunAndSave)

      Dim IntVectorModule As ModuleBuilder = myAsmBuilder.DefineDynamicModule( _
					     "IntVectorModule", _
					     "Vector.dll")

      Dim ivTypeBld As TypeBuilder = IntVectorModule.DefineType("IntVector", TypeAttributes.Public)

      Dim xField As FieldBuilder = ivTypeBld.DefineField("x", _
						         GetType(Integer), _
						         FieldAttributes.Private)
      Dim yField As FieldBuilder = ivTypeBld.DefineField("y", _ 
						         GetType(Integer), _
						         FieldAttributes.Private)
      Dim zField As FieldBuilder = ivTypeBld.DefineField("z", _
						         GetType(Integer), _
						         FieldAttributes.Private)


      Dim objType As Type = Type.GetType("System.Object")
      Dim objCtor As ConstructorInfo = objType.GetConstructor(New Type() {})

      Dim ivCtor As ConstructorBuilder = ivTypeBld.DefineConstructor( _
					 MethodAttributes.Public, _
					 CallingConventions.Standard, _
					 ctorParams)
      Dim ctorIL As ILGenerator = ivCtor.GetILGenerator()
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Call, objCtor)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, xField)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_2)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, yField)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_3)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, zField)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret)


      ' Now, you'll construct the method find the dot product of two vectors. First, 
      ' let's define the parameters that will be accepted by the method. In this case, 
      ' it's an IntVector itself! 

      Dim dpParams() As Type = {ivTypeBld}

      ' Here, you create a MethodBuilder containing the 
      ' name, the attributes (public, static, private, and so on), 
      ' the return type (int, in this case), and a array of Type 
      ' indicating the type of each parameter. Since the sole parameter 
      ' is a IntVector, the very class you're creating, you will 
      ' pass in the TypeBuilder (which is derived from Type) instead of  
      ' a Type object for IntVector, avoiding an exception.  
      ' -- This method would be declared in VB.NET as: 
      '    Public Function DotProduct(IntVector aVector) As Integer 

      Dim dotProductMthd As MethodBuilder = ivTypeBld.DefineMethod("DotProduct", _
					    MethodAttributes.Public, GetType(Integer), _
                                            dpParams)

      ' A ILGenerator can now be spawned, attached to the MethodBuilder. 
      Dim mthdIL As ILGenerator = dotProductMthd.GetILGenerator()

      ' Here's the body of our function, in MSIL form. We're going to find the 
      ' "dot product" of the current vector instance with the passed vector  
      ' instance. For reference purposes, the equation is: 
      ' (x1 * x2) + (y1 * y2) + (z1 * z2) = the dot product 
      ' First, you'll load the reference to the current instance "this" 
      ' stored in argument 0 (ldarg.0) onto the stack. Ldfld, the subsequent 
      ' instruction, will pop the reference off the stack and look up the 
      ' field "x", specified by the FieldInfo token "xField".
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldfld, xField)

      ' That completed, the value stored at field "x" is now atop the stack. 
      ' Now, you'll do the same for the object reference we passed as a 
      ' parameter, stored in argument 1 (ldarg.1). After Ldfld executed, 
      ' you'll have the value stored in field "x" for the passed instance 
      ' atop the stack.
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldfld, xField)

      ' There will now be two values atop the stack - the "x" value for the 
      ' current vector instance, and the "x" value for the passed instance. 
      ' You'll now multiply them, and push the result onto the evaluation stack.
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Mul_Ovf_Un)

      ' Now, repeat this for the "y" fields of both vectors.
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldfld, yField)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldfld, yField)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Mul_Ovf_Un)

      ' At this time, the results of both multiplications should be atop 
      ' the stack. You'll now add them and push the result onto the stack.
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Add_Ovf_Un)

      ' Multiply both "z" field and push the result onto the stack.
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldfld, zField)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldfld, zField)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Mul_Ovf_Un)

      ' Finally, add the result of multiplying the "z" fields with the 
      ' result of the earlier addition, and push the result - the dot product - 
      ' onto the stack.
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Add_Ovf_Un)

      ' The "ret" opcode will pop the last value from the stack and return it 
      ' to the calling method. You're all done!
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret)


      ivType = ivTypeBld.CreateType()

      Return ivType
   End Function 'DynamicDotProductGen


   Public Shared Sub Main()

      Dim IVType As Type = Nothing 
      Dim aVector1 As Object = Nothing 
      Dim aVector2 As Object = Nothing 
      Dim aVtypes() As Type = {GetType(Integer), GetType(Integer), GetType(Integer)}
      Dim aVargs1() As Object = {10, 10, 10}
      Dim aVargs2() As Object = {20, 20, 20}

      ' Call the  method to build our dynamic class.
      IVType = DynamicDotProductGen()


      Dim myDTctor As ConstructorInfo = IVType.GetConstructor(aVtypes)
      aVector1 = myDTctor.Invoke(aVargs1)
      aVector2 = myDTctor.Invoke(aVargs2)

      Console.WriteLine("---")
      Dim passMe(0) As Object
      passMe(0) = CType(aVector2, Object)

      Console.WriteLine("(10, 10, 10) . (20, 20, 20) = {0}", _
                        IVType.InvokeMember("DotProduct", BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, _
                        Nothing, aVector1, passMe))
   End Sub 'Main
End Class 'TestILGenerator



' +++ OUTPUT +++ 
' --- 
' (10, 10, 10) . (20, 20, 20) = 600 

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1
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