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Synchronous Server Socket Example

The following example program creates a server that receives connection requests from clients. The server is built with a synchronous socket, so execution of the server application is suspended while it waits for a connection from a client. The application receives a string from the client, displays the string on the console, and then echoes the string back to the client. The string from the client must contain the string "<EOF>" to signal the end of the message.

using System;
using System.Net;
using System.Net.Sockets;
using System.Text;

public class SynchronousSocketListener {
    
    // Incoming data from the client.
    public static string data = null;

    public static void StartListening() {
        // Data buffer for incoming data.
        byte[] bytes = new Byte[1024];

        // Establish the local endpoint for the socket.
        // Dns.GetHostName returns the name of the 
        // host running the application.
        IPHostEntry ipHostInfo = Dns.Resolve(Dns.GetHostName());
        IPAddress ipAddress = ipHostInfo.AddressList[0];
        IPEndPoint localEndPoint = new IPEndPoint(ipAddress, 11000);

        // Create a TCP/IP socket.
        Socket listener = new Socket(AddressFamily.InterNetwork,
            SocketType.Stream, ProtocolType.Tcp );

        // Bind the socket to the local endpoint and 
        // listen for incoming connections.
        try {
            listener.Bind(localEndPoint);
            listener.Listen(10);

            // Start listening for connections.
            while (true) {
                Console.WriteLine("Waiting for a connection...");
                // Program is suspended while waiting for an incoming connection.
                Socket handler = listener.Accept();
                data = null;

                // An incoming connection needs to be processed.
                while (true) {
                    bytes = new byte[1024];
                    int bytesRec = handler.Receive(bytes);
                    data += Encoding.ASCII.GetString(bytes,0,bytesRec);
                    if (data.IndexOf("<EOF>") > -1) {
                        break;
                    }
                }

                // Show the data on the console.
                Console.WriteLine( "Text received : {0}", data);

                // Echo the data back to the client.
                byte[] msg = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(data);

                handler.Send(msg);
                handler.Shutdown(SocketShutdown.Both);
                handler.Close();
            }
            
        } catch (Exception e) {
            Console.WriteLine(e.ToString());
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\nPress ENTER to continue...");
        Console.Read();
        
    }

    public static int Main(String[] args) {
        StartListening();
        return 0;
    }
}

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