GetMethod Method (String, Type[])

Type.GetMethod Method (String, Type[])

 

Searches for the specified public method whose parameters match the specified argument types.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public MethodInfo GetMethod(
	string name,
	Type[] types
)

Parameters

name
Type: System.String

The string containing the name of the public method to get.

types
Type: System.Type[]

An array of Type objects representing the number, order, and type of the parameters for the method to get.

-or-

An empty array of Type objects (as provided by the EmptyTypes field) to get a method that takes no parameters.

Return Value

Type: System.Reflection.MethodInfo

An object representing the public method whose parameters match the specified argument types, if found; otherwise, null.

Exception Condition
AmbiguousMatchException

More than one method is found with the specified name and specified parameters.

ArgumentNullException

name is null.

-or-

types is null.

-or-

One of the elements in types is null.

ArgumentException

types is multidimensional.

The search for name is case-sensitive. The search includes public static and public instance methods.

System_CAPS_noteNote

You cannot omit parameters when looking up constructors and methods. You can only omit parameters when invoking.

If the current Type represents a constructed generic type, this method returns the MethodInfo with the type parameters replaced by the appropriate type arguments.

If the current Type represents a type parameter in the definition of a generic type or generic method, this method searches the methods of the class constraint, or the methods of Object if there is no class constraint.

System_CAPS_noteNote

The name parameter cannot include type arguments. For example, the C# code GetMethod("MyGenericMethod<int>") searches for a method with the text name "MyGenericMethod<int>", rather than for a method named MyGenericMethod that has one generic argument of type int. Instead, use GetMethod("MyGenericMethod") with the appropriate parameter in the types array.

The following example finds specific overloads of MethodA, specifying a variety of argument types.

System_CAPS_noteNote

The Visual C# 2005 example requires the /unsafe compiler option.


using System;
using System.Reflection;

class Program
{
    // Methods to get:

    public void MethodA(int i, int j) { }

    public void MethodA(int[] i) { }

    public unsafe void MethodA(int* i) { }

    public void MethodA(ref int r) {}

    // Method that takes an out parameter:
    public void MethodA(int i, out int o) { o = 100;}


  static void Main(string[] args)
  {
    MethodInfo mInfo;

    // Get MethodA(int i, int i)
    mInfo = typeof(Program).GetMethod("MethodA",
        new Type[] { typeof(int), typeof(int) });
    Console.WriteLine("Found method: {0}", mInfo);

    // Get MethodA(int[] i)
    mInfo = typeof(Program).GetMethod("MethodA",
        new Type[] { typeof(int[]) });
    Console.WriteLine("Found method: {0}", mInfo);

    // Get MethodA(int* i)
    mInfo = typeof(Program).GetMethod("MethodA",
        new Type[] { typeof(int).MakePointerType() });
    Console.WriteLine("Found method: {0}", mInfo);

    // Get MethodA(ref int r)
    mInfo = typeof(Program).GetMethod("MethodA",
        new Type[] { typeof(int).MakeByRefType() });
    Console.WriteLine("Found method: {0}", mInfo);

    // Get MethodA(int i, out int o)
    mInfo = typeof(Program).GetMethod("MethodA",
        new Type[] { typeof(int), typeof(int).MakeByRefType() });
    Console.WriteLine("Found method: {0}", mInfo);

  }
}

The following example retrieves MethodInfo objects that represent the Add methods of a non-generic type (the ArrayList class), an open generic type (the List<T> class), and a closed generic type (the List(Of String) type.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Reflection;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      // Get a Type object that represents a non-generic type.
      GetAddMethod(typeof(ArrayList));

      var list = new List<String>();
      // Get a Type object that represents a constructed generic type.
      Type closed = list.GetType();
      GetAddMethod(closed);

      // Get a Type object that represents an open generic type.
      Type open = typeof(List<>);
      GetAddMethod(open);
   }

   private static void GetAddMethod(Type typ)
   {
      MethodInfo method;
      // Determine if this is a generic type.
      if (typ.IsGenericType) {
         // Is it an open generic type?
         if (typ.ContainsGenericParameters)
            method = typ.GetMethod("Add", typ.GetGenericArguments());
         // Get closed generic type arguments.
         else
            method = typ.GetMethod("Add", typ.GenericTypeArguments);
      }
      // This is not a generic type.
      else {
         method = typ.GetMethod("Add", new Type[] { typeof(Object) } );
      }

      // Test if an Add method was found.
      if (method == null) { 
         Console.WriteLine("No Add method found.");
         return;
      }   

      Type t = method.ReflectedType;
      Console.Write("{0}.{1}.{2}(", t.Namespace, t.Name, method.Name);
      ParameterInfo[] parms = method.GetParameters();
      for (int ctr = 0; ctr < parms.Length; ctr++)
         Console.Write("{0}{1}", parms[ctr].ParameterType.Name, 
                       ctr < parms.Length - 1 ? ", " : "");

      Console.WriteLine(")");
   }   
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       System.Collections.ArrayList.Add(Object)
//       System.Collections.Generic.List`1.Add(String)
//       System.Collections.Generic.List`1.Add(T)

The example defines a GetAddMethod method that retrieves the appropriate MethodInfo object. To provide the types argument for an open generic type, it calls the Type.GetGenericArguments method. To provide the types argument for a closed generic type, it retrieves the value of the Type.GenericTypeArguments property.

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
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