ActiveDir Sample 

This sample demonstrates how to adjust the default apartment setting of a managed object passing data to an unmanaged method that calls the CoInitialize method. The CoInitialize method initializes a COM library in a single-threaded apartment (STA). By default, C# clients are initialized in multithreaded apartments (MTA). Visual Basic 2005 clients are initialized as STA objects and do not need to be adjusted.

The ActiveDir sample uses the following unmanaged method, shown with its original function declaration:

  • DsBrowseForContainer exported from Dsuiext.dll.

    int DsBrowseForContainer(PDSBROWSEINFO pInfo);

In C#, the STAThreadAttribute attribute creates an STA apartment. Because STA is the default apartment setting for Visual Basic 2005 clients, no attribute is required. The Marshal.SizeOf method dynamically calculates the size of the unmanaged structure.

The source code for the following code examples is provided by the .NET Framework Platform Invoke Technology Sample.

Declaring Prototypes

public class LibWrap
   // Declares a managed prototype for the unmanaged function.
   [ DllImport( "dsuiext.dll", CharSet=CharSet.Unicode )]
   public static extern int DsBrowseForContainerW( ref DSBrowseInfo info );
   public const int DSBI_ENTIREDIRECTORY = 0x00090000;   

Calling Functions

class App
   public const int MAX_PATH = 256;
   // Must be marked as STA because the default is MTA. 
   // DsBrowseForContainerW calls CoInitialize, which initializes the 
   // COM library as STA.
   [ STAThread ]
   public static void Main()
      // Initializes all status = LibWrap.DsBrowseForContainerW( ref dsbi );

See Also

Community Additions