How to: Check Existing Data When Creating a Check Constraint

When you create a check constraint, you can set an option to apply it either to new data only or to existing data as well. The option of applying the constraint to new data only is useful when you know that the existing data already meets the new check constraint, or when a business rule requires the constraint to be enforced only from this point forward.

For example, you may have required zip codes to be limited to five digits in the past, but now want new data to allow nine-digit zip codes. Old data with five-digit zip codes will coexist with new data that contains nine-digit zip codes.

Note Note

Some databases have different functionality for check constraints. Consult your database documentation for details about how your database works with check constraints.

NoteNote

Your computer might show different names or locations for some of the Visual Studio user interface elements in the following instructions. The Visual Studio edition that you have and the settings that you use determine these elements. For more information, see Customizing Development Settings in Visual Studio.

To check existing data when creating a check constraint

  1. In your database diagram, right-click the table containing the constraint, then select Check Constraints from the shortcut menu.

    -or-

    Open the Table Designer for the table containing the constraint, right-click in the Table Designer, and choose Check Constraints from the shortcut menu.

  2. Select the constraint from the Selected Check Constraint list.

  3. Click Check Existing Data on Creation Or Enabling and select Yes from the dropdown list.

The check constraint will be applied when you save the table or the database diagram. If any constraint violations are encountered during the save process, the table cannot be saved.

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