Updated: April 2009
Conditionally executes a group of statements, depending on the value of an expression.
' Block syntax: If condition Then [statements] [ElseIf condition-n Then [elseifstatements]] . . . [Else [elsestatements]] End If Single-Line syntax: If condition Then statements [Else elsestatements ]
When a block If is executed, condition is tested. If condition is True, the statements following Then are executed. If condition is False, each ElseIf (if any) is evaluated in turn. When a True condition is found, the statements following the associated ElseIf are executed. If none of the ElseIf statements are True (or there are no ElseIf clauses), the statements following Else are executed. After executing the statements following Then or Else, execution continues with the statement following End If.
The Else and ElseIf clauses are both optional. You can have as many ElseIf statements as you want in a block If, but none can appear after the Else clause. Block If statements can be nested; that is, contained within one another.
A block If statement must be the first statement on a line. The block If must end with an End If statement.
You can use the single-line syntax for short, simple tests. However, the block syntax provides more structure and flexibility than the single-line form and is usually easier to read, maintain, and debug.
What follows the Then keyword is examined to determine whether a statement is a single-line If. If anything other than a comment appears after Then on the same line, the statement is treated as a single-line If statement.
When you use the single-line syntax, you can execute multiple statements as the result of an If...Then decision, but they must all be on the same line and separated by colons.
The following example illustrates the use of the block syntax.
dim count count = 0 If count = 0 Then MsgBox "There are no items." ElseIf count = 1 Then MsgBox "There is 1 item." Else MsgBox "There are " & count & " items." End If
The following example illustrates the use of the single-line syntax.
If A > 10 Then A = A + 1 : B = B + A : C = C + B