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Displays a floating pop-up menu at the specified location and tracks the selection of items on the pop-up menu.

BOOL TrackPopupMenu(
   UINT nFlags,
   int x,
   int y,
   CWnd* pWnd,
   LPCRECT lpRect = 0


Specifies a screen-position flag and a mouse-button flag. The screen-position flag can be one of the following:
  • TPM_CENTERALIGN   Centers the pop-up menu horizontally relative to the coordinate specified by x.
  • TPM_LEFTALIGN   Positions the pop-up menu so that its left side is aligned with the coordinate specified by x.
  • TPM_RIGHTALIGN   Positions the pop-up menu so that its right side is aligned with the coordinate specified by x.

The mouse-button flag can be either of the following:

  • TPM_LEFTBUTTON   Causes the pop-up menu to track the left mouse button.
  • TPM_RIGHTBUTTON   Causes the pop-up menu to track the right mouse button.
Specifies the horizontal position in screen coordinates of the pop-up menu. Depending on the value of the nFlags parameter, the menu can be left-aligned, right-aligned, or centered relative to this position.
Specifies the vertical position in screen coordinates of the top of the menu on the screen.
Identifies the window that owns the pop-up menu. This window receives all WM_COMMAND messages from the menu. In Windows versions 3.1 and later, the window does not receive WM_COMMAND messages until TrackPopupMenu returns. In Windows 3.0, the window receives WM_COMMAND messages before TrackPopupMenu returns.
Points to a RECT structure or CRect object that contains the screen coordinates of a rectangle within which the user can click without dismissing the pop-up menu. If this parameter is 0, the pop-up menu is dismissed if the user clicks outside the pop-up menu. This must be 0 for Windows 3.0.

For Windows 3.1 and later, you can use the following constants:


Return Value

Nonzero if the function is successful; otherwise 0.


A floating pop-up menu can appear anywhere on the screen.


// The code fragment shows how to get the File menu from the
// application window and displays it as a floating popup menu
// when the right mouse button is clicked in view.
// CMyView is a CView-derived class.
void CMyView::OnRButtonDown(UINT nFlags, CPoint point) 
   CView::OnRButtonDown(nFlags, point);

   CMenu* menu_bar = AfxGetMainWnd()->GetMenu();
   CMenu* file_menu = menu_bar->GetSubMenu(0);    

   file_menu->TrackPopupMenu(TPM_LEFTALIGN |TPM_RIGHTBUTTON, point.x, 
      point.y, this);

See Also

CMenu Overview | Class Members | Hierarchy Chart | CMenu::CreatePopupMenu | CMenu::GetSubMenu | TrackPopupMenu

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