IndexOfAny Method (Char[], Int32)

String.IndexOfAny Method (Char[], Int32)


Reports the zero-based index of the first occurrence in this instance of any character in a specified array of Unicode characters. The search starts at a specified character position.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public int IndexOfAny(
	char[] anyOf,
	int startIndex


Type: System.Char[]

A Unicode character array containing one or more characters to seek.

Type: System.Int32

The search starting position.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32

The zero-based index position of the first occurrence in this instance where any character in anyOf was found; -1 if no character in anyOf was found.

Exception Condition

anyOf is null.


startIndex is negative.


startIndex is greater than the number of characters in this instance.

Index numbering starts from zero. The startIndex parameter can range from 0 to one less than the length of the string instance.

The search ranges from startIndex to the end of the string.

The search for anyOf is case-sensitive.

This method performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where a character is considered equivalent to another character only if their Unicode scalar value are the same. To perform a culture-sensitive search, use the CompareInfo.IndexOf method, where a Unicode scalar value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture.

The following example finds the index of the occurrence of any character of the string "is" within a substring of another string.

// Sample for String.IndexOfAny(Char[], Int32)
using System;

class Sample {
    public static void Main() 
    string br1 = "0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+-";
    string br2 = "0123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456";
    string str = "Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their party.";
    int start;
    int at;
    string target = "is";
    char[] anyOf = target.ToCharArray();

    start = str.Length/2;
    Console.WriteLine("The first character occurrence from position {0} to {1}.", 
                           start, str.Length-1);
    Console.WriteLine("{1}{0}{2}{0}{3}{0}", Environment.NewLine, br1, br2, str);
    Console.Write("A character in '{0}' occurs at position: ", target);

    at = str.IndexOfAny(anyOf, start);
    if (at > -1) 
        Console.Write("(not found)");

The first character occurrence from position 33 to 66.
Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their party.

A character in 'is' occurs at position: 49


Universal Windows Platform
Available since 4.5
.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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