1.1 Glossary

This document uses the following terms:

AUTH command: A Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) command that is used to send authentication information, as specified in [RFC2554]. The structure of the AUTH command (as used in the NT LAN Manager (NTLM) Authentication: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) Extension) is as follows: "AUTH NTLM<CR><LF>". Or, optionally, it is as follows: "AUTH NTLM [initial-response]<CR><LF>". Both command forms are accepted, as required by the RFC.

base64 encoding: A binary-to-text encoding scheme whereby an arbitrary sequence of bytes is converted to a sequence of printable ASCII characters, as described in [RFC4648].

challenge/response authentication: A common authentication technique in which a principal is prompted (the challenge) to provide some private information (the response) to facilitate authentication.

connection-oriented NTLM: A particular variant of NTLM designed to be used with connection-oriented remote procedure call (RPC), as described in [MS-NLMP].

NT LAN Manager (NTLM) Authentication Protocol: A protocol using a challenge-response mechanism for authentication (2) in which clients are able to verify their identities without sending a password to the server. It consists of three messages, commonly referred to as Type 1 (negotiation), Type 2 (challenge) and Type 3 (authentication). For more information, see [MS-NLMP].

NTLM AUTHENTICATE_MESSAGE: The NTLM AUTHENTICATE_MESSAGE packet defines an NTLM authenticate message that is sent from the client to the server after the NTLM CHALLENGE_MESSAGE is processed by the client. Message structure and other details of this packet are specified in [MS-NLMP].

NTLM CHALLENGE_MESSAGE: The NTLM CHALLENGE_MESSAGE packet defines an NTLM challenge message that is sent from the server to the client. NTLM CHALLENGE_MESSAGE is generated by the local NTLM software and passed to the application that supports embedded NTLM authentication. This message is used by the server to challenge the client to prove its identity. Message structure and other details of this packet are specified in [MS-NLMP].

NTLM message: A message that carries authentication (2) information. Its payload data is passed to the application that supports embedded NTLM authentication by the NTLM software installed on the local computer. NTLM messages are transmitted between the client and server embedded within the application protocol that is using NTLM authentication. There are three types of NTLM messages: NTLM NEGOTIATE_MESSAGE, NTLM CHALLENGE_MESSAGE, and NTLM AUTHENTICATE_MESSAGE.

NTLM NEGOTIATE_MESSAGE: The NEGOTIATE_MESSAGE packet defines an NTLM negotiate message that is sent from the client to the server. The NTLM NEGOTIATE_MESSAGE is generated by the local NTLM software and passed to the application that supports embedded NTLM authentication. This message allows the client to specify its supported NTLM options to the server. Message structure and other details are specified in [MS-NLMP].

NTLM software: Software that implements the NT LAN Manager (NTLM) Authentication Protocol.

SASL: The Simple Authentication and Security Layer, as described in [RFC2222]. This is an authentication (2) mechanism used by the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP).

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP): A member of the TCP/IP suite of protocols that is used to transport Internet messages, as described in [RFC5321].

MAY, SHOULD, MUST, SHOULD NOT, MUST NOT: These terms (in all caps) are used as defined in [RFC2119]. All statements of optional behavior use either MAY, SHOULD, or SHOULD NOT.

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