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SqlTransaction.Rollback Method (String)

Rolls back a transaction from a pending state, and specifies the transaction or savepoint name.

Namespace: System.Data.SqlClient
Assembly: System.Data (in system.data.dll)

public void Rollback (
	string transactionName
)
public void Rollback (
	String transactionName
)
public function Rollback (
	transactionName : String
)

Parameters

transactionName

The name of the transaction to roll back, or the savepoint to which to roll back.

Exception typeCondition

ArgumentException

No transaction name was specified.

InvalidOperationException

The transaction has already been committed or rolled back.

-or-

The connection is broken.

The Rollback method is equivalent to the Transact-SQL ROLLBACK TRANSACTION statement. For more information, see "Explicit Transactions" and "Transaction Savepoints" in SQL Server Books Online.

The transaction can only be rolled back from a pending state (after BeginTransaction has been called, but before Commit is called).

NoteNote

Try/Catch exception handling should always be used when rolling back a transaction. A Rollback generates an InvalidOperationException if the connection is terminated or if the transaction has already been rolled back on the server.

For more information on SQL Server transactions, see "Explicit Transactions" and "Coding Efficient Transactions" in SQL Server 2005 Books Online.

The following example creates a SqlConnection and a SqlTransaction. It also demonstrates how to use the BeginTransaction, Commit, and Rollback methods. The transaction is rolled back on any error. Try/Catch error handling is used to handle any errors when attempting to commit or roll back the transaction.

private static void ExecuteSqlTransaction(string connectionString)
{
    using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
    {
        connection.Open();

        SqlCommand command = connection.CreateCommand();
        SqlTransaction transaction;

        // Start a local transaction.
        transaction = connection.BeginTransaction("SampleTransaction");

        // Must assign both transaction object and connection
        // to Command object for a pending local transaction
        command.Connection = connection;
        command.Transaction = transaction;

        try
        {
            command.CommandText =
                "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (100, 'Description')";
            command.ExecuteNonQuery();
            command.CommandText =
                "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (101, 'Description')";
            command.ExecuteNonQuery();

            // Attempt to commit the transaction.
            transaction.Commit();
            Console.WriteLine("Both records are written to database.");
        
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Commit Exception Type: {0", ex.GetType());
            Console.WriteLine("  Message: {0", ex.Message);

            // Attempt to roll back the transaction.
            try
            {
                transaction.Rollback();
            
            catch (Exception ex2)
            {
                // This catch block will handle any errors that may have occurred
                // on the server that would cause the rollback to fail, such as
                // a closed connection.
                Console.WriteLine("Rollback Exception Type: {0", ex2.GetType());
                Console.WriteLine("  Message: {0", ex2.Message);
            
        
    


Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0
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