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Type.GetNestedTypes Method (BindingFlags)

When overridden in a derived class, searches for the types nested in the current Type, using the specified binding constraints.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public abstract Type[] GetNestedTypes(
	BindingFlags bindingAttr


Type: System.Reflection.BindingFlags

A bitmask comprised of one or more BindingFlags that specify how the search is conducted.


Zero, to return null.

Return Value

Type: System.Type[]
An array of Type objects representing all the types nested in the current Type that match the specified binding constraints (the search is not recursive), or an empty array of type Type, if no nested types are found that match the binding constraints.



The search for nested types is not recursive.

The GetNestedTypes method does not return types in a particular order, such as alphabetical or declaration order. Your code must not depend on the order in which types are returned, because that order varies.

The following BindingFlags filter flags can be used to define which nested types to include in the search:

  • You must specify either BindingFlags.Public or BindingFlags.NonPublic to get a return.

  • Specify BindingFlags.Public to include public nested types in the search.

  • Specify BindingFlags.NonPublic to include non-public nested types (that is, private and protected nested types) in the search.

This method returns only the nested types of the current type. It does not search the base classes of the current type. To find types that are nested in base classes, you must walk the inheritance hierarchy, calling GetNestedTypes at each level.

BindingFlags.Instance and BindingFlags.Static are ignored.

Calling this method with only the BindingFlags.Public flag or only the BindingFlags.NonPublic flag will return the specified nested types and does not require any other flags.

See System.Reflection.BindingFlags for more information.

If the current Type represents a type parameter in the definition of a generic type or generic method, this method searches the nested types of the class constraint.

If a nested type is generic, this method returns its generic type definition. This is true even if the enclosing generic type is a closed constructed type.


If the current Type represents a generic type defined in C#, Visual Basic, or C++, its nested types are all generic even if they have no generic parameters of their own. This is not necessarily true of nested types defined in dynamic assemblies or compiled with the MSIL Assembler (Ilasm.exe).

For information on nested generic types, and on constructing nested generic types from their generic type definitions, see MakeGenericType.

The following example creates two nested public classes and two nested protected classes, and displays information for classes that match the specified binding constraints.

using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;

// Create a class with two nested public classes and two nested protected classes. 
public class MyTypeClass
    public class Myclass1
    public class Myclass2 
    protected class MyClass3
    protected class MyClass4

public class TypeMain
    public static void Main() 
        Type myType =(typeof(MyTypeClass));
        // Get the public nested classes.
        Type[] myTypeArray = myType.GetNestedTypes(BindingFlags.Public|BindingFlags.Instance);
        Console.WriteLine("The number of nested public classes is {0}.", myTypeArray.Length);
        // Display all the public nested classes.
        // Get the nonpublic nested classes.
        Type[] myTypeArray1 = myType.GetNestedTypes(BindingFlags.NonPublic|BindingFlags.Instance);
        Console.WriteLine("The number of nested protected classes is {0}.", myTypeArray1.Length);
        // Display all the nonpublic nested classes.
    public static void DisplayTypeInfo(Type[] myArrayType)
        // Display the information for all the nested classes. 
        for(int i=0;i<myArrayType.Length;i++)
            Type myType = (Type)myArrayType[i];
            Console.WriteLine("The name of the nested class is {0}.", myType.ToString());

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The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0