Graphics::MeasureString Method (String^, Font^, SizeF, StringFormat^)


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Measures the specified string when drawn with the specified Font and formatted with the specified StringFormat.

Namespace:   System.Drawing
Assembly:  System.Drawing (in System.Drawing.dll)

SizeF MeasureString(
	String^ text,
	Font^ font,
	SizeF layoutArea,
	StringFormat^ stringFormat


Type: System::String^

String to measure.

Type: System.Drawing::Font^

Font defines the text format of the string.

Type: System.Drawing::SizeF

SizeF structure that specifies the maximum layout area for the text.

Type: System.Drawing::StringFormat^

StringFormat that represents formatting information, such as line spacing, for the string.

Return Value

Type: System.Drawing::SizeF

This method returns a SizeF structure that represents the size, in the units specified by the PageUnit property, of the string specified in the text parameter as drawn with the font parameter and the stringFormat parameter.

Exception Condition

font is null.

The MeasureString method is designed for use with individual strings and includes a small amount of extra space before and after the string to allow for overhanging glyphs. Also, the DrawString method adjusts glyph points to optimize display quality and might display a string narrower than reported by MeasureString. To obtain metrics suitable for adjacent strings in layout (for example, when implementing formatted text), use the MeasureCharacterRanges method or one of the MeasureString methods that takes a StringFormat, and pass GenericTypographic. Also, ensure the TextRenderingHint for the Graphics is AntiAlias.

The following code example is designed for use with Windows Forms, and it requires PaintEventArgse, which is a parameter of the Paint event handler. The code performs the following actions:

  • Creates a string to measure and a font object set to Arial (16 point).

  • Sets the maximum layout size of the string, creating a size object to measure the string.

  • Creates a string format object and sets its format flags to DirectionVertical.

  • Measures the size of the string, using the string, the font object, the maximum layout size, and the string format.

  • Draws a red rectangle using the measured size of the string.

  • Draws the string within the drawn rectangle.

The result is a vertical rectangle enclosing a vertical string.

   void MeasureStringSizeFFormat( PaintEventArgs^ e )
      // Set up string.
      String^ measureString = "Measure String";
      System::Drawing::Font^ stringFont = gcnew System::Drawing::Font( "Arial",16 );

      // Set maximum layout size.
      SizeF layoutSize = SizeF(100.0F,200.0F);

      // Set string format.
      StringFormat^ newStringFormat = gcnew StringFormat;
      newStringFormat->FormatFlags = StringFormatFlags::DirectionVertical;

      // Measure string.
      SizeF stringSize = e->Graphics->MeasureString( measureString, stringFont, layoutSize, newStringFormat );

      // Draw rectangle representing size of string.
      e->Graphics->DrawRectangle( gcnew Pen( Color::Red,1.0f ), 0.0F, 0.0F, stringSize.Width, stringSize.Height );

      // Draw string to screen.
      e->Graphics->DrawString( measureString, stringFont, Brushes::Black, PointF(0,0), newStringFormat );

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
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