Char.IsLowSurrogate Method (String, Int32)

 

Indicates whether the Char object at the specified position in a string is a low surrogate.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Public Shared Function IsLowSurrogate (
	s As String,
	index As Integer
) As Boolean

Parameters

s
Type: System.String

A string.

index
Type: System.Int32

The position of the character to evaluate in s.

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean

true if the numeric value of the specified character in the s parameter ranges from U+DC00 through U+DFFF; otherwise, false.

Exception Condition
ArgumentNullException

s is null.

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

index is not a position within s.

The index parameter is zero-based.

In addition to representing single characters using a 16-bit code point, UTF-16 encoding allows abstract characters to be represented using two 16-bit code points, which is known as a surrogate pair. The second element in this pair is the low surrogate. Its code point can range from U+DC00 to U+DFFF. An individual surrogate has no interpretation of its own; it is meaningful only when used as part of a surrogate pair.

The following code example demonstrates the IsHighSurrogate, IsLowSurrogate, and IsSurrogatePair methods.

' This example demonstrates the Char.IsLowSurrogate() method
'                                    IsHighSurrogate() method
'                                    IsSurrogatePair() method
Imports System
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim cHigh As Char = ChrW(&HD800)
      Dim cLow  As Char = ChrW(&HDC00)
      Dim s1 = New [String](New Char() {"a"c, ChrW(&HD800), ChrW(&HDC00), "z"c})
      Dim divider As String = [String].Concat(Environment.NewLine, _
                                              New [String]("-"c, 70), _
                                              Environment.NewLine)

      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: {0:X4}", AscW(cHigh))
      Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  {0:X4}", AscW(cLow))
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'")
      Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1: ")
      Dim i As Integer
      For i = 0 To s1.Length - 1
         Console.WriteLine("s1({0}) = {1:X4} ", i, AscW(s1.Chars(i)))
      Next i
      Console.WriteLine(divider)

      Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?")
      Console.WriteLine("A1) cLow?  - {0}", [Char].IsHighSurrogate(cLow))
      Console.WriteLine("A2) cHigh? - {0}", [Char].IsHighSurrogate(cHigh))
      Console.WriteLine("A3) s1(0)? - {0}", [Char].IsHighSurrogate(s1, 0))
      Console.WriteLine("A4) s1(1)? - {0}", [Char].IsHighSurrogate(s1, 1))
      Console.WriteLine(divider)

      Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?")
      Console.WriteLine("B1) cLow?  - {0}", [Char].IsLowSurrogate(cLow))
      Console.WriteLine("B2) cHigh? - {0}", [Char].IsLowSurrogate(cHigh))
      Console.WriteLine("B3) s1(0)? - {0}", [Char].IsLowSurrogate(s1, 0))
      Console.WriteLine("B4) s1(2)? - {0}", [Char].IsLowSurrogate(s1, 2))
      Console.WriteLine(divider)

      Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?")
      Console.WriteLine("C1) cHigh and cLow?  - {0}", [Char].IsSurrogatePair(cHigh, cLow))
      Console.WriteLine("C2) s1(0) and s1(1)? - {0}", [Char].IsSurrogatePair(s1, 0))
      Console.WriteLine("C3) s1(1) and s1(2)? - {0}", [Char].IsSurrogatePair(s1, 1))
      Console.WriteLine("C4) s1(2) and s1(3)? - {0}", [Char].IsSurrogatePair(s1, 2))
      Console.WriteLine(divider)
   End Sub 'Main
End Class 'Sample
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: D800
'Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  DC00
'
'Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'
'Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1:
's1(0) = 0061
's1(1) = D800
's1(2) = DC00
's1(3) = 007A
'
'----------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?
'A1) cLow?  - False
'A2) cHigh? - True
'A3) s1(0)? - False
'A4) s1(1)? - True
'
'----------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?
'B1) cLow?  - True
'B2) cHigh? - False
'B3) s1(0)? - False
'B4) s1(2)? - True
'
'----------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?
'C1) cHigh and cLow?  - True
'C2) s1(0) and s1(1)? - False
'C3) s1(1) and s1(2)? - True
'C4) s1(2) and s1(3)? - False
'
'----------------------------------------------------------------------
'

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 2.0
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 8.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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