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MTRECALC Sample: Supports Multithread Applications

Visual Studio 2008

The MTRECALC sample illustrates MFC support for multithread applications.

MFC distinguishes two types of threads: user interface threads and worker threads. A user interface thread has its own message pump for handling user interface events separately from other threads. A worker thread does not have its own message pump. MTRECALC illustrates a worker thread. The worker thread simulates a lengthy calculation by waiting for a timer before completing the calculation of adding two numbers.

Security noteSecurity Note:

This sample code is provided to illustrate a concept and should not be used in applications or Web sites, as it may not illustrate the safest coding practices. Microsoft assumes no liability for incidental or consequential damages should the sample code be used for purposes other than as intended.

To get samples and instructions for installing them:

  • On the Visual Studio Help menu, click Samples.

    For more information, see Visual Studio Samples.

  • The most recent version and complete list of samples is available online from the Visual Studio 2008 Samples page.

  • You can also locate samples on your computer's hard disk. By default, samples and a Readme file are copied into a folder under \Program Files\Visual Studio 9.0\Samples\. For Express editions of Visual Studio, all samples are located online.

To build and run the MTRECALC sample

  1. Open the solution MtRecalc.sln.

  2. On the Build menu, click Build.

  3. On the Debug menu, click Start Without Debugging.

MTRECALC displays a simple form for adding two integers, simulating a spreadsheet that recalculates whenever you update a cell or click Recalculate Now. The result field displays "Recalculating..." during the time MTRECALC is simulating a lengthy calculation. You can change the recalculation time by clicking Speed ofRecalculation on the Demo menu.

Click Worker Thread or Single Thread on the Demo menu to compare the "feel" of recalculation in a separate worker thread versus recalculation in the same thread as the main application user interface thread. For example, in the Single Thread demonstration, you cannot access the menus of MTRECALC while it is recalculating, but in the Worker Thread demonstration you can. In the Single Thread demonstration, you cannot update either of the integer fields while MTRECALC is recalculating, but in the Worker Thread demonstration you can. If you update a field while the worker thread is already recalculating, the active recalculation will be abandoned and a new one started.

The Kill Worker Thread command on the Demo menu is enabled only while the worker thread is recalculating. If you use the Kill Worker Thread command to interrupt the recalculation before it is done, then the result field displays a question mark ("?"). You can restart the calculation with the Recalculate Now command.

If you attempt to save the MTRECALC document before recalculation has completed, you will be prompted with "Do you wish to wait while recalculation finishes?" If you respond with yes, MTRECALC displays an hourglass while it waits for the recalculation to complete before saving the document. To exercise this demonstration, you will probably need to use the Speed of Recalculation command to increase the recalculation time from the default 5 seconds to 10 or 15 seconds. This will give you enough time to navigate through the File menu and Save dialog box.

This sample demonstrates the following keywords:

AfxBeginThread; AfxGetMainWnd; AfxMessageBox; CArchive::IsStoring; CCmdTarget::BeginWaitCursor; CCmdTarget::EndWaitCursor; CCmdUI::Enable; CCmdUI::SetCheck; CDialog::DoModal; CDocument::GetFirstViewPosition; CDocument::GetNextView; CDocument::OnNewDocument; CDocument::OnSaveDocument; CDocument::SetModifiedFlag; CDocument::UpdateAllViews; CFrameWnd::Create; CFrameWnd::DockControlBar; CFrameWnd::EnableDocking; CFrameWnd::LoadFrame; CObject::AssertValid; CObject::Dump; CObject::Serialize; CStatusBar::CommandToIndex; CStatusBar::SetPaneText; CString::Format; CString::LoadString; CView::DoPreparePrinting; CView::GetDocument; CView::OnBeginPrinting; CView::OnEndPrinting; CView::OnPreparePrinting; CView::OnPrint; CView::OnUpdate; CWinApp::AddDocTemplate; CWinApp::EnableShellOpen; CWinApp::InitInstance; CWinApp::LoadStdProfileSettings; CWinApp::RegisterShellFileTypes; CWnd::DoDataExchange; CWnd::OnCreate; CWnd::OnKillFocus; CWnd::PostMessage; CWnd::SendMessage; CWnd::SetWindowText; CWnd::ShowWindow; CWnd::UpdateData; CWnd::UpdateWindow; CreateEvent; DragAcceptFiles; GetExitCodeThread; GetVersion; LoadBitmap; PostMessage; ResetEvent; SetEvent; Sleep; WaitForSingleObject


Some samples, such as this one, have not been modified to reflect the changes in the Visual C++ wizards, libraries, and compiler, but still demonstrate how to complete your desired task.

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