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set::upper_bound

Returns an iterator to the first element in a set that with a key that is greater than a specified key.

const_iterator upper_bound( 
   const Key& _Key 
) const; 

iterator upper_bound( 
   const Key& _Key 
);

_Key

The argument key to be compared with the sort key of an element from the set being searched.

An iterator or const_iterator that addresses the location of an element in a set that with a key that is greater than the argument key, or that addresses the location succeeding the last element in the set if no match is found for the key.

// set_upper_bound.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
#include <set>
#include <iostream>

int main( )
{
   using namespace std;   
   set <int> s1;
   set <int> :: const_iterator s1_AcIter, s1_RcIter;
   
   s1.insert( 10 );
   s1.insert( 20 );
   s1.insert( 30 );

   s1_RcIter = s1.upper_bound( 20 );
   cout << "The first element of set s1 with a key greater "
        << "than 20 is: " << *s1_RcIter << "." << endl;

   s1_RcIter = s1.upper_bound( 30 );

   // If no match is found for the key, end( ) is returned
   if ( s1_RcIter == s1.end( ) )
      cout << "The set s1 doesn't have an element "
           << "with a key greater than 30." << endl;
   else
      cout << "The element of set s1 with a key > 40 is: "
           << *s1_RcIter << "." << endl;

   // The element at a specific location in the set can be found 
   // by using a dereferenced iterator addressing the location
   s1_AcIter = s1.begin( );
   s1_RcIter = s1.upper_bound( *s1_AcIter );
   cout << "The first element of s1 with a key greater than"
        << endl << "that of the initial element of s1 is: "
        << *s1_RcIter << "." << endl;
}
The first element of set s1 with a key greater than 20 is: 30.
The set s1 doesn't have an element with a key greater than 30.
The first element of s1 with a key greater than
that of the initial element of s1 is: 20.

Header: <set>

Namespace: std

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