Stack Generic Class
Assembly: System (in system.dll)
[SerializableAttribute] [ComVisibleAttribute(false)] generic<typename T> public ref class Stack : IEnumerable<T>, ICollection, IEnumerable
Specifies the type of elements in the stack.
Stack is implemented as an array.
The capacity of a Stack is the number of elements the Stack can hold. As elements are added to a Stack, the capacity is automatically increased as required by reallocating the internal array. The capacity can be decreased by calling TrimExcess.
If Count is less than the capacity of the stack, Push is an O(1) operation. If the capacity needs to be increased to accommodate the new element, Push becomes an O(n) operation, where n is Count. Pop is an O(1) operation.
Stack accepts a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic) as a valid value for reference types and allows duplicate elements.
The following code example demonstrates several methods of the Stack generic class. The code example creates a stack of strings with default capacity and uses the Push method to push five strings onto the stack. The elements of the stack are enumerated, which does not change the state of the stack. The Pop method is used to pop the first string off the stack. The Peek method is used to look at the next item on the stack, and then the Pop method is used to pop it off.
The ToArray method is used to create an array and copy the stack elements to it, then the array is passed to the Stack constructor that takes IEnumerable, creating a copy of the stack with the order of the elements reversed. The elements of the copy are displayed.
An array twice the size of the stack is created, and the CopyTo method is used to copy the array elements beginning at the middle of the array. The Stack constructor is used again to create a copy of the stack with the order of elements reversed; thus, the three null elements are at the end.
Public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
A Stack can support multiple readers concurrently, as long as the collection is not modified. Even so, enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread-safe procedure. To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can lock the collection during the entire enumeration. To allow the collection to be accessed by multiple threads for reading and writing, you must implement your own synchronization.
Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter EditionThe Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.