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RegistryKey::SetValue Method (String, Object)

Sets the specified name/value pair.

Namespace:  Microsoft.Win32
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public:
void SetValue(
	String^ name, 
	Object^ value
)

Parameters

name
Type: System::String
The name of the value to store.
value
Type: System::Object
The data to be stored.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

value is nullptr.

ArgumentException

value is an unsupported data type.

ObjectDisposedException

The RegistryKey that contains the specified value is closed (closed keys cannot be accessed).

UnauthorizedAccessException

The RegistryKey is read-only, and cannot be written to; for example, the key has not been opened with write access.

-or-

The RegistryKey object represents a root-level node, and the operating system is Windows Millennium Edition or Windows 98.

SecurityException

The user does not have the permissions required to create or modify registry keys.

IOException

The RegistryKey object represents a root-level node, and the operating system is Windows 2000, Windows XP, or Windows Server 2003.

Because many values can be stored in each key in the registry, you must use the name parameter to specify the particular value you want to set.

NoteNote

A registry key can have one value that is not associated with any name. When this unnamed value is displayed in the registry editor, the string "(Default)" appears instead of a name. To set this unnamed value, specify either nullptr or the empty string ("") for name.

In order to set values in a key, you must open the key with write access. After you have opened a key with write access, you can change any of the name/value pairs in that key.

If the specified name does not exist in the key, it is created and the associated value is set to value.

This overload of SetValue stores 64-bit integers as strings (RegistryValueKind::String). To store 64-bit numbers as RegistryValueKind::QWord values, use the SetValue(String, Object, RegistryValueKind) overload that specifies RegistryValueKind.

This overload of SetValue stores all string values as RegistryValueKind::String, even if they contain expandable references to environment variables. To save string values as expandable strings (RegistryValueKind::ExpandString), use the SetValue(String, Object, RegistryValueKind) overload that specifies RegistryValueKind.

Numeric types other than 32-bit integers are stored as strings by this method overload. Enumeration elements are stored as strings containing the element names.

Caution noteCaution

Do not expose RegistryKey objects in such a way that a malicious program could create thousands of meaningless subkeys or key/value pairs. For example, do not allow callers to enter arbitrary keys or values.

NoteNote

On Windows 98 and Windows Millennium Edition the registry is not Unicode, and not all Unicode characters are valid for all code pages. A Unicode character that is invalid for the current code page is replaced by the best available match. No exception is thrown.

The following code example shows how the SetValue method determines the registry data type when it sets values. The example creates a test key and adds values of different data types to the key. The example then reads the name/value pairs and displays them to the console, using the GetValueKind method to display the corresponding registry data types.


using namespace System;
using namespace Microsoft::Win32;
int main()
{

   // Delete and recreate the test key.
   Registry::CurrentUser->DeleteSubKey( "RegistrySetValueExample", false );
   RegistryKey ^ rk = Registry::CurrentUser->CreateSubKey( "RegistrySetValueExample" );

   // Create name/value pairs.
   // Numeric values that cannot be interpreted as DWord (int) values
   // are stored as strings.
   rk->SetValue( "LargeNumberValue1", (long)42 );
   rk->SetValue( "LargeNumberValue2", 42000000000 );
   rk->SetValue( "DWordValue", 42 );
   array<String^>^temp0 = {"One","Two","Three"};
   rk->SetValue( "MultipleStringValue", temp0 );
   array<Byte>^temp1 = {10,43,44,45,14,255};
   rk->SetValue( "BinaryValue", temp1 );

   // This overload of SetValue does not support expanding strings. Use
   // the overload that allows you to specify RegistryValueKind.
   rk->SetValue( "StringValue", "The path is %PATH%" );

   // Display all the name/value pairs stored in the test key, with
   // the registry data type in parentheses.
   //
   array<String^>^valueNames = rk->GetValueNames();
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = valueNames->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      String^ s = safe_cast<String^>(myEnum->Current);
      RegistryValueKind rvk = rk->GetValueKind( s );
      switch ( rvk )
      {
         case RegistryValueKind::MultiString:
         {
            array<String^>^values = (array<String^>^)rk->GetValue( s );
            Console::Write( "\r\n {0} ({1}) = \"{2}\"", s, rvk, values[ 0 ] );
            for ( int i = 1; i < values->Length; i++ )
            {
               Console::Write( ", \"{0}\"", values[ i ] );

            }
            Console::WriteLine();
            break;
         }
         case RegistryValueKind::Binary:
         {
            array<Byte>^bytes = (array<Byte>^)rk->GetValue( s );
            Console::Write( "\r\n {0} ({1}) = {2:X2}", s, rvk, bytes[ 0 ] );
            for ( int i = 1; i < bytes->Length; i++ )
            {

               // Display each byte as two hexadecimal digits.
               Console::Write( " {0:X2}", bytes[ i ] );

            }
            Console::WriteLine();
            break;
         }
         default:
            Console::WriteLine( "\r\n {0} ({1}) = {2}", s, rvk, rk->GetValue( s ) );
            break;
      }
   }
}



.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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