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Random.Next Method (Int32, Int32)

Returns a random number within a specified range.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public virtual int Next(
	int minValue,
	int maxValue
)

Parameters

minValue
Type: System.Int32
The inclusive lower bound of the random number returned.
maxValue
Type: System.Int32
The exclusive upper bound of the random number returned. maxValue must be greater than or equal to minValue.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32
A 32-bit signed integer greater than or equal to minValue and less than maxValue; that is, the range of return values includes minValue but not maxValue. If minValue equals maxValue, minValue is returned.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentOutOfRangeException

minValue is greater than maxValue.

Unlike the other overloads of the Next method, which return only non-negative values, this method can return a negative random integer.

Notes to Inheritors

Starting with the .NET Framework version 2.0, if you derive a class from Random and override the Sample method, the distribution provided by the derived class implementation of the Sample method is not used in calls to the base class implementation of the Random.Next(Int32, Int32) method overload if the difference between the minValue and maxValue parameters is greater than Int32.MaxValue. Instead, the uniform distribution returned by the base Random class is used. This behavior improves the overall performance of the Random class. To modify this behavior to call the Sample method in the derived class, you must also override the Random.Next(Int32, Int32) method overload.

The following example uses the Random.Next(Int32, Int32) method to generate random integers with three distinct ranges. Note that the exact output from the example depends on the system-supplied seed value passed to the Random class constructor.


using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Random rnd = new Random();

      Console.WriteLine("\n20 random integers from -100 to 100:");
      for (int ctr = 1; ctr <= 20; ctr++) 
      {
         Console.Write("{0,6}", rnd.Next(-100, 101));
         if (ctr % 5 == 0) Console.WriteLine();
      }

      Console.WriteLine("\n20 random integers from 1000 to 10000:");      
      for (int ctr = 1; ctr <= 20; ctr++) 
      {
         Console.Write("{0,8}", rnd.Next(1000, 10001));
         if (ctr % 5 == 0) Console.WriteLine();
      }

      Console.WriteLine("\n20 random integers from 1 to 10:");
      for (int ctr = 1; ctr <= 20; ctr++) 
      {
         Console.Write("{0,6}", rnd.Next(1, 11));
         if (ctr % 5 == 0) Console.WriteLine();
      }
   }
}
// The example displays output similar to the following:
//       20 random integers from -100 to 100:
//           65   -95   -10    90   -35
//          -83   -16   -15   -19    41
//          -67   -93    40    12    62
//          -80   -95    67   -81   -21
//       
//       20 random integers from 1000 to 10000:
//           4857    9897    4405    6606    1277
//           9238    9113    5151    8710    1187
//           2728    9746    1719    3837    3736
//           8191    6819    4923    2416    3028
//       
//       20 random integers from 1 to 10:
//            9     8     5     9     9
//            9     1     2     3     8
//            1     4     8    10     5
//            9     7     9    10     5


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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