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binary_function Structure Sample

Illustrates how to use the binary_function structure in the Standard Template Library (STL) in Visual C++.

template<class _A1, class _A2, class _R> 
   struct binary_function 
      typedef _A1 first_argument_type; 
      typedef _A2 second_argument_type; 
      typedef _R result_type; 


The class/parameter names in the prototype do not match the version in the header file. Some have been modified to improve readability.

The binary_function<A,B,C> class is used as a base class to allow the user to easily define binary operator functions that take data types A and B as arguments and return data type C objects.

// binfunc.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
// Structure used: binary_function<A,B,C> - base
//                 class used to create operator
//                 functions taking data types A
//                 and B and returning data type C.

#include <functional>
#include <iostream>

using namespace std ;

class binary_test : public binary_function<binary_test &,int,float>
  float value;
  binary_test(float x){value=x;}
  result_type operator<<(second_argument_type arg2);

binary_test::operator<<(binary_test::second_argument_type arg2)
  value = (float)(((int)value) << arg2);
  cout << "New value after shift is " << value << endl;
  return value;

int main(void)
  binary_test item;

  cout << "Begin" << endl;
  item = item << 2;

New value after shift is 40

Header: < functional >