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Logical Negation Operator: !
The logical negation operator (!) reverses the meaning of its operand. The operand must be of arithmetic or pointer type (or an expression that evaluates to arithmetic or pointer type). The operand is implicitly converted to type bool. The result is true if the converted operand is false; the result is false if the converted operand is true. The result is of type bool.
For an expression e, the unary expression !e is equivalent to the expression (e == 0), except where overloaded operators are involved.
Operator Keyword for !
The not operator is the text equivalent of !. There are two ways to access the not operator in your programs: include the header file iso646.h, or compile with the /Za (Disable language extensions) compiler option.