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Important This document may not represent best practices for current development, links to downloads and other resources may no longer be valid. Current recommended version can be found here.

How to: Upcast with safe_cast

An upcast is a cast from a derived type to one of its base classes. This cast is safe and does not require an explicit cast notation. The following sample shows how to perform an upcast with and without safe_cast.

// safe_upcast.cpp
// compile with: /clr
using namespace System;
interface class A {
   void Test();
};

ref struct B : public A {
   virtual void Test() {
      Console::WriteLine("in B::Test");
   }

   void Test2() {
      Console::WriteLine("in B::Test2");
   }
};

ref struct C : public B {
   virtual void Test() override {
      Console::WriteLine("in C::Test");
   };
};

interface class I {} ;
value struct V : public I {};

int main() {
   C ^ c = gcnew C;

   // implicit upcast
   B ^ b = c;
   b->Test();
   b->Test2();

   // upcast with safe_cast
   b = nullptr;
   b = safe_cast<B^>(c);

   V ^ pv;

   // implicit upcast
   I^ i = pv;

   // upcast with safe_cast
   i = safe_cast<I^>(pv);
}
in C::Test in B::Test2

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