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basic_string::end

 

Returns an iterator that addresses the location succeeding the last element in a string.

const_iterator end( ) const;
iterator end( );

Returns a random-access iterator that addresses the location succeeding the last element in a string.

end is often used to test whether an iterator has reached the end of its string. The value returned by end should not be dereferenced.

If the return value of end is assigned to a const_iterator, the string object cannot be modified. If the return value of end is assigned to an iterator, the string object can be modified.

Example

// basic_string_end.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
#include <string>
#include <iostream>

int main( ) 
{
   using namespace std;
   string str1 ( "No way out." ), str2;
   basic_string <char>::iterator str_Iter, str1_Iter, str2_Iter;
   basic_string <char>::const_iterator str1_cIter;

   str1_Iter = str1.end ( );
   str1_Iter--;
   str1_Iter--;
   cout << "The last character-letter of the string str1 is: " << *str1_Iter << endl;
   cout << "The full orginal string str1 is: " << str1 << endl;

   // end used to test when an iterator has reached the end of its string
   cout << "The string is now: ";
   for ( str_Iter = str1.begin( ); str_Iter != str1.end( ); str_Iter++ )
      cout << *str_Iter;
   cout << endl;

   // The dereferenced iterator can be used to modify a character
    *str1_Iter = 'T';
   cout << "The last character-letter of the modified str1 is now: "
        << *str1_Iter << endl;
   cout << "The modified string str1 is now: " << str1 << endl;

   // The following line would be an error because iterator is const
   // *str1_cIter = 'T';

   // For an empty string, end is equivalent to begin
   if ( str2.begin( ) == str2.end ( ) )
      cout << "The string str2 is empty." << endl;
   else
      cout << "The stringstr2  is not empty." << endl;
}
The last character-letter of the string str1 is: t
The full orginal string str1 is: No way out.
The string is now: No way out.
The last character-letter of the modified str1 is now: T
The modified string str1 is now: No way ouT.
The string str2 is empty.

Requirements

Header: <string>

Namespace: std

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