Memory Management: Heap Allocation

 

For the latest documentation on Visual Studio 2017 RC, see Visual Studio 2017 RC Documentation.

The heap is reserved for the memory allocation needs of the program. It is an area apart from the program code and the stack. Typical C programs use the functions malloc and free to allocate and deallocate heap memory. The Debug version of MFC provides modified versions of the C++ built-in operators new and delete to allocate and deallocate objects in heap memory.

When you use new and delete instead of malloc and free, you are able to take advantage of the class library's memory-management debugging enhancements, which can be useful in detecting memory leaks. When you build your program with the Release version of MFC, the standard versions of the new and delete operators provide an efficient way to allocate and deallocate memory (the Release version of MFC does not provide modified versions of these operators).

Note that the total size of objects allocated on the heap is limited only by your system's available virtual memory.

Memory Management

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