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SByte.ToString Method (String, IFormatProvider)

Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation using the specified format and culture-specific format information.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public string ToString(
	string format,
	IFormatProvider provider


Type: System.String
A standard or custom numeric format string.
Type: System.IFormatProvider
An object that supplies culture-specific formatting information.

Return Value

Type: System.String
The string representation of the value of this instance as specified by format and provider.


IFormattable.ToString(String, IFormatProvider)


format is invalid.

The format parameter can be any valid standard numeric format specifier, or any combination of custom numeric format specifiers. If format is equal to String.Empty or is null, the return value of the current SByte object is formatted with the general format specifier ("G"). If format is any other value, the method throws a FormatException.

The .NET Framework provides extensive formatting support, which is described in greater detail in the following formatting topics:

The provider parameter is an IFormatProvider implementation. Its GetFormat method returns a NumberFormatInfo object that provides culture-specific information about the format of the string returned by this method. When the ToString(String, IFormatProvider) method is invoked, it calls the provider parameter's IFormatProvider.GetFormat method and passes it a Type object that represents the NumberFormatInfo type. The GetFormat method then returns the NumberFormatInfo object that provides information for formatting the value parameter, such as the negative sign symbol, the group separator symbol, or the decimal point symbol. There are three ways to use the provider parameter to supply formatting information to the ToString(String, IFormatProvider) method:

  • You can pass a CultureInfo object that represents the culture that supplies formatting information. Its GetFormat method returns the NumberFormatInfo object that provides numeric formatting information for that culture.

  • You can pass the actual NumberFormatInfo object that provides numeric formatting information. (Its implementation of GetFormat just returns itself.)

  • You can pass a custom object that implements IFormatProvider. Its GetFormat method instantiates and returns the NumberFormatInfo object that provides formatting information.

If provider is null, the formatting of the returned string is based on the NumberFormatInfo object of the current culture.

The following example displays both a positive and a negative SByte value using the standard numeric format specifiers and a number of specific CultureInfo objects.

using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class Example
   public static void Main()
      // Define cultures whose formatting conventions are to be used.
      CultureInfo[] cultures = { CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-US"), 
                                 CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("es-ES") };
      sbyte positiveNumber = 119;
      sbyte negativeNumber = -45;
      string[] specifiers = {"G", "C", "D4", "E2", "F", "N", "P", "X2"}; 

      foreach (string specifier in specifiers)
         foreach (CultureInfo culture in cultures)
            Console.WriteLine("{0,2} format using {1} culture: {2, 16} {3, 16}",  
                              specifier, culture.Name, 
                              positiveNumber.ToString(specifier, culture), 
                              negativeNumber.ToString(specifier, culture));
// The example displays the following output:
//     G format using en-US culture:              119              -45
//     G format using fr-FR culture:              119              -45
//     G format using es-ES culture:              119              -45
//     C format using en-US culture:          $119.00         ($45.00)
//     C format using fr-FR culture:         119,00 €         -45,00 €
//     C format using es-ES culture:         119,00 €         -45,00 €
//    D4 format using en-US culture:             0119            -0045
//    D4 format using fr-FR culture:             0119            -0045
//    D4 format using es-ES culture:             0119            -0045
//    E2 format using en-US culture:        1.19E+002       -4.50E+001
//    E2 format using fr-FR culture:        1,19E+002       -4,50E+001
//    E2 format using es-ES culture:        1,19E+002       -4,50E+001
//     F format using en-US culture:           119.00           -45.00
//     F format using fr-FR culture:           119,00           -45,00
//     F format using es-ES culture:           119,00           -45,00
//     N format using en-US culture:           119.00           -45.00
//     N format using fr-FR culture:           119,00           -45,00
//     N format using es-ES culture:           119,00           -45,00
//     P format using en-US culture:      11,900.00 %      -4,500.00 %
//     P format using fr-FR culture:      11 900,00 %      -4 500,00 %
//     P format using es-ES culture:      11.900,00 %      -4.500,00 %
//    X2 format using en-US culture:               77               D3
//    X2 format using fr-FR culture:               77               D3
//    X2 format using es-ES culture:               77               D3

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.