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Compiler Error C2552


The latest version of this topic can be found at Compiler Error C2552.

identifier' : non-aggregates cannot be initialized with initializer list

The aggregate identifier was incorrectly initialized.

Aggregates are defined as:

  • Arrays

  • Classes, structures, and unions that do not have:

    • Constructors

    • Private or protected members

    • Base classes

    • Virtual functions

In addition, Visual C++ does not allow data types in an aggregate that contains constructors.

The following represent the reasons C2552 may fire when an aggregate initialization is attempted on a type:

  • The type has one or more user-defined constructors.

  • The type has one ore more non-static, private data members.

  • The type has one or more virtual functions.

  • The type has a base class.

  • The type is a ref class or CLR interface.

  • The type has a non-fixed dimension array (zero-array) whose elements have destructors.

The following sample generates C2552:

// C2552.cpp  
// compile with: /clr  
#include <string>  
using namespace std;  
struct Pair_Incorrect {  
   string m_name;  
   double m_val;  
struct Pair_Correct1 {  
   Pair_Correct1(string name, double val)  
      : m_name(name), m_val(val) {}  
   string m_name;  
   double m_val;  
struct Pair_Correct2 {  
   string m_name;  
   double m_val;  
int main() {  
   // To fix, add a constructor to this class and use it for   
   // initializing the data members, see Pair_Correct1 (below)  
   // or  
   // Do not have any private or protected non-static data members,   
   // see Pair_Correct2 (below).  Pair_Correct2 is not recommended in   
   // case your object model requires some non-static data members to   
   // be private or protected  
   string name("John");  
   Pair_Incorrect pair1 = { name, 0.0 };   // C2552  
   // initialize a CLR immutable value type that has a constructor  
   System::DateTime dt = {2001, 4, 12, 22, 16, 49, 844};   // C2552   
   Pair_Correct1 pair2( name, 0.0 );  
   Pair_Correct1 pair3 = Pair_Correct1( name, 0.0 );  
   Pair_Correct2 pair4 = { name, 0.0 };  
   System::DateTime dt2(2001, 4, 12, 22, 16, 49, 844);