Export (0) Print
Expand All

List(Of T).Item Property

Gets or sets the element at the specified index.

Namespace:  System.Collections.Generic
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

'Declaration
Public Property Item ( _
	index As Integer _
) As T

Parameters

index
Type: System.Int32
The zero-based index of the element to get or set.

Property Value

Type: T
The element at the specified index.

Implements

IList(Of T).Item(Int32)

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentOutOfRangeException

index is less than 0.

-or-

index is equal to or greater than Count.

List(Of T) accepts Nothing as a valid value for reference types and allows duplicate elements.

This property provides the ability to access a specific element in the collection by using the following syntax: myCollection[index].

Retrieving the value of this property is an O(1) operation; setting the property is also an O(1) operation.

The following code example demonstrates the Item property (the indexer in C#) and various other properties and methods of the List(Of T) generic class. After the list has been created and populated using the Add method, an element is retrieved and displayed using the Item property.

NoteNote:

Visual Basic, C#, and C++ all have syntax for accessing the Item property without using its name. Instead, the variable containing the List(Of T) is used as if it were an array.

The C# language uses the this keyword to define the indexers instead of implementing the Item property. Visual Basic implements Item as a default property, which provides the same indexing functionality.

For a code example that uses the Item property to set the value of a list element, see AsReadOnly.


Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class Example

   Public Shared Sub Demo(ByVal outputBlock As System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock)

      Dim dinosaurs As New List(Of String)

      outputBlock.Text &= String.Format(vbLf & "Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity) & vbCrLf

      dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus")
      dinosaurs.Add("Amargasaurus")
      dinosaurs.Add("Mamenchisaurus")
      dinosaurs.Add("Deinonychus")
      dinosaurs.Add("Compsognathus")

      outputBlock.Text &= vbCrLf
      For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
         outputBlock.Text &= dinosaur & vbCrLf
      Next

      outputBlock.Text &= String.Format(vbLf & "Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity) & vbCrLf
      outputBlock.Text &= String.Format("Count: {0}", dinosaurs.Count) & vbCrLf

      outputBlock.Text &= vbLf & String.Format("Contains(""Deinonychus"": {0}", _
          dinosaurs.Contains("Deinonychus")) & vbCrLf

      outputBlock.Text &= String.Format(vbLf & "Insert(2, ""Compsognathus"")") & vbCrLf
      dinosaurs.Insert(2, "Compsognathus")

      outputBlock.Text &= vbCrLf
      For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
         outputBlock.Text &= dinosaur & vbCrLf
      Next

      outputBlock.Text &= String.Format(vbLf & "dinosaurs(3): {0}", dinosaurs(3)) & vbCrLf

      outputBlock.Text &= vbLf & "Remove(""Compsognathus"")" & vbCrLf
      dinosaurs.Remove("Compsognathus")

      outputBlock.Text &= vbCrLf
      For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
         outputBlock.Text &= dinosaur & vbCrLf
      Next

      dinosaurs.TrimExcess()
      outputBlock.Text &= vbLf & "TrimExcess()" & vbCrLf
      outputBlock.Text &= String.Format("Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity) & vbCrLf
      outputBlock.Text &= String.Format("Count: {0}", dinosaurs.Count) & vbCrLf

      dinosaurs.Clear()
      outputBlock.Text &= vbLf & "Clear()" & vbCrLf
      outputBlock.Text &= String.Format("Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity) & vbCrLf
      outputBlock.Text &= String.Format("Count: {0}", dinosaurs.Count) & vbCrLf
   End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Capacity: 0
'
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Deinonychus
'Compsognathus
'
'Capacity: 8
'Count: 5
'
'Contains("Deinonychus"): True
'
'Insert(2, "Compsognathus")
'
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Compsognathus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Deinonychus
'Compsognathus
'
'dinosaurs(3): Mamenchisaurus
'
'Remove("Compsognathus")
'
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Deinonychus
'Compsognathus
'
'TrimExcess()
'Capacity: 5
'Count: 5
'
'Clear()
'Capacity: 5
'Count: 0


Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2015 Microsoft