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Array::FindIndex<T> Method (array<T>, Predicate<T>)

Searches for an element that matches the conditions defined by the specified predicate, and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire Array.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

generic<typename T>
static int FindIndex(
	array<T>^ array, 
	Predicate<T>^ match

Type Parameters


The type of the elements of the array.


Type: array<T>
The one-dimensional, zero-based Array to search.
Type: System::Predicate<T>
The Predicate<T> that defines the conditions of the element to search for.

Return Value

Type: System::Int32
The zero-based index of the first occurrence of an element that matches the conditions defined by match, if found; otherwise, –1.


array is nullptr.


match is nullptr.

The Array is searched forward starting at the first element and ending at the last element.

The Predicate<T> is a delegate to a method that returns true if the object passed to it matches the conditions defined in the delegate. The elements of array are individually passed to the Predicate<T>.

This method is an O(n) operation, where n is the Length of array.

The following code example demonstrates all three overloads of the FindIndex generic method. An array of strings is created, containing 8 dinosaur names, two of which (at positions 1 and 5) end with "saurus". The code example also defines a search predicate method named EndsWithSaurus, which accepts a string parameter and returns a Boolean value indicating whether the input string ends in "saurus".

The FindIndex<T>(array<T>, Predicate<T>) method overload traverses the array from the beginning, passing each element in turn to the EndsWithSaurus method. The search stops when the EndsWithSaurus method returns true for the element at position 1.


In C# and Visual Basic, it is not necessary to create the Predicate<string> delegate (Predicate(Of String) in Visual Basic) explicitly. These languages infer the correct delegate from context and create it automatically.

The FindIndex<T>(array<T>, Int32, Predicate<T>) method overload is used to search the array beginning at position 2 and continuing to the end of the array. It finds the element at position 5. Finally, the FindIndex<T>(array<T>, Int32, Int32, Predicate<T>) method overload is used to search the range of three elements beginning at position 2. It returns –1 because there are no dinosaur names in that range that end with "saurus".

using namespace System;

// Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "saurus".
bool EndsWithSaurus(String^ s)
    if ((s->Length > 5) && 
        (s->Substring(s->Length - 6)->ToLower() == "saurus"))
        return true;
        return false;

void main()
    array<String^>^ dinosaurs = { "Compsognathus", 
        "Amargasaurus",   "Oviraptor",      "Velociraptor", 
        "Deinonychus",    "Dilophosaurus",  "Gallimimus", 
        "Triceratops" };

    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )

    Console::WriteLine("\nArray::FindIndex(dinosaurs, EndsWithSaurus): {0}", 
        Array::FindIndex(dinosaurs, gcnew Predicate<String^>(EndsWithSaurus)));

    Console::WriteLine("\nArray::FindIndex(dinosaurs, 2, EndsWithSaurus): {0}",
        Array::FindIndex(dinosaurs, 2, gcnew Predicate<String^>(EndsWithSaurus)));

    Console::WriteLine("\nArray::FindIndex(dinosaurs, 2, 3, EndsWithSaurus): {0}",
        Array::FindIndex(dinosaurs, 2, 3, gcnew Predicate<String^>(EndsWithSaurus)));

/* This code example produces the following output:


Array::FindIndex(dinosaurs, EndsWithSaurus): 1

Array::FindIndex(dinosaurs, 2, EndsWithSaurus): 5

Array::FindIndex(dinosaurs, 2, 3, EndsWithSaurus): -1

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.