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U-SQL SELECT Selecting from an External Rowset

Michael Rys|Last Updated: 5/15/2018
|
4 Contributors

U-SQL allows selecting from an external data source in three ways:

  1. By using the external table’s identifier like any other table’s identifier.

  2. By using the external rowset expression to identify a rowset such as a table or view in the specified data source.

  3. By using the external rowset expression to send a query string to the external data source for remote execution. The query string is in the form of the query language that is supported by that data source. E.g., if the data source is an Azure SQL Database, then the query string would be T-SQL.

In all cases, the query will be executed based on the chosen query remoting option REMOTEABLE_TYPES in the data source definition. If the definition allows an expression on a specific type to be remoted, and U-SQL knows how to translate it into a remote query expression, then parts of the U-SQL SELECT statement will be sent to the external data source’s query engine for execution.

Syntax
External_Rowset_Expression :=                                                                            
     'EXTERNAL' Datasource_Identifier'LOCATION' csharp_string_literal   
|    'EXTERNAL' Datasource_Identifier'EXECUTE' csharp_string_literal.
Datasource_Identifier := DB_Object_Identifier.

Semantics of the Syntax Elements

  • EXTERNALDatasource_Identifier
    Specifies the external data source. If the identifier is a two-part identifier, then the data source of the specified database is being queried. If the identifier is a single identifier, then the data source in the current static database context will be queried. If a data source of the given name does not exist in the database context or the user has no permissions to query the data source, an error is raised.

    An error is also raised if the connection to the remote data source could not be established.

  • LOCATION csharp_string_literal
    The string literal identifies a schema qualified name of a remote table or view to be queried. If a table or view of the specified name does not exist or the user does not have access to it, an error is raised.

  • EXECUTE csharp_string_literal
    The string literal contains a query expression in the language supported by the remote data source. E.g., if the data source is an Azure SQL Database, then the query string would be T-SQL. If the query is malformed, or accesses objects that do not exist or the user does not have access to it, an error is raised. The same holds if the query returns values of types that are not supported by U-SQL’s remote query capabilities.

    Note that some properties, such as the remote system’s error language, can be set in the data source definition’s PROVIDER_STRING option.

Note

A rowset alias has to be specified when using an external rowset expression in the SQL FROM clause.

Examples

Examples utilize the data source created in the examples from CREATE DATA SOURCE (U-SQL).

Using LOCATION

USE DATABASE TestReferenceDB;
@results =
    SELECT DateTime.Now AS dayTime, *
    FROM EXTERNAL MyAzureSQLDBDataSource LOCATION "dbo.BuildVersion";

OUTPUT @results
TO "/Output/ReferenceGuide/DDL/DataSources/Query2A.csv"
USING Outputters.Csv(outputHeader: true);

Using EXECUTE

USE DATABASE TestReferenceDB;
@results =
    SELECT *
    FROM EXTERNAL MyAzureSQLDBDataSource EXECUTE 
        @"SELECT @@SERVERNAME AS serverName, GETDATE() AS dayTime, DB_NAME() AS databaseName, * FROM dbo.BuildVersion WITH (NOLOCK)";

OUTPUT @results
TO "/Output/ReferenceGuide/DDL/DataSources/Query1A.csv"
USING Outputters.Csv(outputHeader: true);

See Also

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