Windows Remote Management (WinRM) is the Microsoft implementation of WS-Management Protocol, a standard Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP)-based, firewall-friendly protocol that allows hardware and operating systems, from different vendors, to interoperate.
The WS-Management protocol specification provides a common way for systems to access and exchange management information across an IT infrastructure. WinRM and Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI), along with the Event Collector are components of the Windows Hardware Management features.
You can use WinRM scripting objects, the WinRM command-line tool, or the Windows Remote Shell command line tool WinRS to obtain management data from local and remote computers that may have baseboard management controllers (BMCs). If the computer runs a Windows-based operating system version that includes WinRM, the management data is supplied by Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI).
You can also obtain hardware and system data from WS-Management protocol implementations running on operating systems other than Windows in your enterprise. WinRM establishes a session with a remote computer through the SOAP-based WS-Management protocol rather than a connection through DCOM, as WMI does. Data returned to WS-Management protocol are formatted in XML rather than in objects.
The Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) WMI provider is a standard WMI provider with classes that obtain BMC sensor data from computers with appropriate hardware. IPMI data can be accessed using the WinRM scripting API, the WMI Scripting, or COM APIs.
Run-time requirementsWinRM is part of the operating system. However, to obtain data from remote computers, you must configure a WinRM listener. For more information, see Installation and Configuration for Windows Remote Management. If a BMC is detected at system startup, then the IPMI provider loads; otherwise, the WinRM scripting objects and the WinRM command-line tool are still available.
Windows Server 2003 R2: WinRM is not installed by default, but is available as the Hardware Management feature through the Add/Remove System Components feature in Control Panel under Management and Monitoring Tools.
Link to public WS-Management protocol specification, WinRM architecture, relationship to WMI, hardware management with the IPMI provider, configuration and installation.
Getting started using the WinRM scripting API and hardware management.
List of scripting interfaces defined by Microsoft Web Services for Management (WS-Management) Automation and class definitions of the WMI classes created by the IPMI provider and classes that communicate with the IPMI driver to obtain baseboard management controller (BMC) data.