!ca

The !ca extension displays information about a control area.

!ca [Address | 0 | -1] [Flags]

Parameters

Address

Address of the control area. If you specify 0 for this parameter, information is displayed about all control areas. If you specify -1 for this parameter, information is displayed about the unused segment list.

Flags

Flags that specify which information is displayed. This parameter is a bitwise OR of one or more of the following flags.

FlagDescription

0x1

Display segment information.

0x2

Display subsection information.

0x4

Display the list of mapped views. (Windows 7 and later)

0x8

Display compact (single line) output.

0x10

Display file-backed control areas.

0x20

Display control areas backed by the page file.

0x40

Display image control areas.

 

If none of the last three flags are specified, all three types of control area are displayed.

DLL

Windows 2000

Kdextx86.dll

Windows XP and later

Kdexts.dll

 

Additional Information

For information about control areas, see Microsoft Windows Internals by Mark Russinovich and David Solomon. (This book may not be available in some languages and countries.)

Remarks

To get a list of the control areas of all mapped files, use the !memusage extension.

Here is an example:

kd> !memusage
 loading PFN database
loading (99% complete)
             Zeroed:     16 (    64 kb)
               Free:      0 (     0 kb)
            Standby:   2642 ( 10568 kb)
           Modified:    720 (  2880 kb)
    ModifiedNoWrite:      0 (     0 kb)
       Active/Valid:  13005 ( 52020 kb)
         Transition:      0 (     0 kb)
            Unknown:      0 (     0 kb)
              TOTAL:  16383 ( 65532 kb)
  Building kernel map
  Finished building kernel map

  Usage Summary (in Kb):
Control Valid Standby Dirty Shared Locked PageTables  name
ff8636e8    56    376     0     0     0     0  mapped_file( browseui.dll )
ff8cf388    24      0     0     0     0     0  mapped_file( AVH32DLL.DLL )
ff8d62c8    12      0     0     0     0     0  mapped_file( PSAPI.DLL )
ff8dd468   156     28     0     0     0     0  mapped_file( INOJOBSV.EXE )
fe424808   136     88     0    52     0     0  mapped_file( oleaut32.dll )
fe4228a8   152     44     0   116     0     0  mapped_file( MSVCRT.DLL )
ff8ec848     4      0     0     0     0     0    No Name for File
ff859de8     0     32     0     0     0     0  mapped_file( timedate.cpl )
. . . . .

kd> !ca ff8636e8

ControlArea @ff8636e8
  Segment:    e1b74548    Flink              0   Blink:               0
 Section Ref        0    Pfn Ref           6c   Mapped Views:        1
  User Ref           1    Subsections        5   Flush Count:         0
  File Object ff86df88    ModWriteCount      0   System Views:        0
  WaitForDel         0    Paged Usage      380   NonPaged Usage       e0
  Flags (10000a0) Image File HadUserReference 

   File: \WINNT\System32\browseui.dll

Segment @ e1b74548:
   Base address        0  Total Ptes        c8  NonExtendPtes:       c8
   Image commit        1  ControlArea ff8636e8  SizeOfSegment: c8000
   Image Base          0  Committed          0  PTE Template:   31b8438
 Based Addr   76e10000  ProtoPtes   e1b74580  Image Info:    e1b748a4

Subsection 1. @ ff863720
   ControlArea: ff8636e8  Starting Sector 0 Number Of Sectors 2
   Base Pte     e1b74580  Ptes In subsect        1 Unused Ptes          0
   Flags              15  Sector Offset          0 Protection           1
    ReadOnly CopyOnWrite 

Subsection 2. @ ff863740
   ControlArea: ff8636e8  Starting Sector 2 Number Of Sectors 3d0
   Base Pte     e1b74584  Ptes In subsect       7a Unused Ptes          0
   Flags              35  Sector Offset          0 Protection           3
    ReadOnly CopyOnWrite 

Subsection 3. @ ff863760
   ControlArea: ff8636e8  Starting Sector 3D2 Number Of Sectors 7
   Base Pte     e1b7476c  Ptes In subsect        1 Unused Ptes          0
   Flags              55  Sector Offset          0 Protection           5
    ReadOnly CopyOnWrite 

Subsection 4. @ ff863780
   ControlArea: ff8636e8  Starting Sector 3D9 Number Of Sectors 21f
   Base Pte     e1b74770  Ptes In subsect       44 Unused Ptes          0
   Flags              15  Sector Offset          0 Protection           1
    ReadOnly CopyOnWrite 

Subsection 5. @ ff8637a0
   ControlArea: ff8636e8  Starting Sector 5F8 Number Of Sectors 3a
   Base Pte     e1b74880  Ptes In subsect        8 Unused Ptes          0
   Flags              15  Sector Offset          0 Protection           1
    ReadOnly CopyOnWrite 

 

 

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