NdisAllocateRWLock function

The NdisAllocateRWLock function allocates a read/write lock variable of type NDIS_RW_LOCK_EX.

Syntax


PNDIS_RW_LOCK_EX NdisAllocateRWLock(
   NDIS_HANDLE NdisHandle
);

Parameters

NdisHandle

A handle returned from one of the following functions:

NdisMRegisterMiniportDriver
MiniportInitializeEx
NdisRegisterProtocolDriver
NdisOpenAdapterEx
NdisFRegisterFilterDriver
FilterAttach

Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012 and later:  If the read/write lock is being allocated in DriverEntry before any NDIS handle is available, the caller may pass a NULL value for this parameter.

Return value

NdisAllocateRWLock returns a pointer to an NDIS_RW_LOCK_EX structure if one can be allocated; otherwise it returns NULL.

Remarks

NDIS drivers call the NdisAllocateRWLock function to allocate an NDIS_RW_LOCK_EX structure that controls read/write access to resources that are shared among driver threads. Drivers use a read/write lock for resources that are frequently accessed for reading and infrequently accessed for writing.

Each lock that a driver allocates can do one of the following:

  • Protect a discrete set of shared resources from concurrent write and read access by driver threads that run at IRQL <= DISPATCH_LEVEL.

  • Expose a discrete set of shared resources to concurrent read access by driver threads that run at IRQL <= DISPATCH_LEVEL.

The NDIS_RW_LOCK_EX pointer that NdisAllocateRWLock returns is a required parameter for all other read/write lock functions.

An NDIS_RW_LOCK_EX is not fair. That is, a processor waiting to acquire the lock for exclusive access may be starved by processors that hold the lock for read access. Therefore, do not use an NDIS_RW_LOCK_EX in situations where the majority of accesses will be for write access. If the majority of accesses will need write access, it is more efficient to simply use a kernel spin lock. For more information about spin locks, see Introduction to Spin Locks.

In situations where there are many acquisitions for read access on more than one processor, the NDIS_RW_LOCK_EX typically performs better than a kernel spin lock. Use NDIS_RW_LOCK_EX when you expect many read accesses per second distributed across more than one processor.

An NDIS_RW_LOCK_EX structure defines attributes that limit write access to shared resources to one non-ISR driver thread at a time. The NDIS_RW_LOCK_EX structure can allow multiple non-ISR driver threads to have concurrent read access to the associated resources. Such read access is not permitted during a write access.

To modify the protected resources, a driver thread must obtain a write lock with the NdisAcquireRWLockWrite function. To simply read those resources, a driver thread must obtain a read-only lock with the NdisAcquireRWLockRead function. Read access does not require interlocked operations or contention for spin locks. Read-only access helps maintain good operating system and driver performance.

After the resource access is complete, the driver calls the NdisReleaseRWLock function.

A driver must call the NdisFreeRWLock function to free the NDIS_RW_LOCK_EX structure that it allocated with the NdisAllocateRWLock function.

You can use the !ndiskd.ndisrwlock debugger extension to inspect an NDIS_RW_LOCK_EX, see how many readers it has, and see who its current writer is. For more information, see NDIS Extensions (Ndiskd.dll).

Requirements

Target platform

Universal

Version

Supported in NDIS 6.20 and later.

Header

Ndis.h (include Ndis.h)

Library

Ndis.lib

IRQL

<=DISPATCH_LEVEL

See also

FilterAttach
MiniportInitializeEx
NDIS_RW_LOCK_EX
NdisAcquireRWLockRead
NdisAcquireRWLockWrite
NdisFreeRWLock
NdisFRegisterFilterDriver
NdisMRegisterMiniportDriver
NdisOpenAdapterEx
NdisRegisterProtocolDriver
NdisReleaseRWLock
Introduction to Spin Locks
NDIS Extensions (Ndiskd.dll)

 

 

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