Provides a base class for a service that will exist as part of a service application.must be derived from when creating a new service class.
Assembly: System.ServiceProcess (in System.ServiceProcess.dll)
public class ServiceBase : Component
public ref class ServiceBase : Component
type ServiceBase = class inherit Component end
Public Class ServiceBase Inherits Component
Indicates whether to report Start, Stop, Pause, and Continue commands in the event log.
Gets or sets a value indicating whether the service can handle notifications of computer power status changes.
Gets or sets a value that indicates whether the service can handle session change events received from a Terminal Server session.
Gets or sets a value indicating whether the service can be paused and resumed.
Gets a value indicating whether the component can raise an event.(Inherited from Component.)
Gets or sets a value indicating whether the service should be notified when the system is shutting down.
Gets or sets a value indicating whether the service can be stopped once it has started.
Gets an event log you can use to write notification of service command calls, such as Start and Stop, to the Application event log.
Gets or sets the exit code for the service.
Gets the service control handle for the service.
Gets or sets the short name used to identify the service to the system.
Creates an object that contains all the relevant information required to generate a proxy used to communicate with a remote object.(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject.)
Disposes of the resources (other than memory) used by the ComponentDispose.).(Overrides
Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.(Inherited from Object.)
Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Retrieves the current lifetime service object that controls the lifetime policy for this instance.(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject.)
Obtains a lifetime service object to control the lifetime policy for this instance.(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject.)
When implemented in a derived class, OnContinue runs when a Continue command is sent to the service by the Service Control Manager (SCM). Specifies actions to take when a service resumes normal functioning after being paused.
When implemented in a derived class, OnCustomCommand executes when the Service Control Manager (SCM) passes a custom command to the service. Specifies actions to take when a command with the specified parameter value occurs.
When implemented in a derived class, executes when a Pause command is sent to the service by the Service Control Manager (SCM). Specifies actions to take when a service pauses.
When implemented in a derived class, executes when the computer's power status has changed. This applies to laptop computers when they go into suspended mode, which is not the same as a system shutdown.
Executes when a change event is received from a Terminal Server session.
When implemented in a derived class, executes when the system is shutting down. Specifies what should occur immediately prior to the system shutting down.
When implemented in a derived class, executes when a Start command is sent to the service by the Service Control Manager (SCM) or when the operating system starts (for a service that starts automatically). Specifies actions to take when the service starts.
When implemented in a derived class, executes when a Stop command is sent to the service by the Service Control Manager (SCM). Specifies actions to take when a service stops running.
Requests additional time for a pending operation.
Registers the executable for a service with the Service Control Manager (SCM).
Registers the executable for multiple services with the Service Control Manager (SCM).
This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Registers the command handler and starts the service.
Stops the executing service.
A service is a long-running executable that does not support a user interface, and which might not run under the logged-on user account. The service can run without any user being logged on to the computer.
By default, services run under the System account, which is not the same as the Administrator account. You cannot change the rights of the System account. Alternatively, you can use a ServiceProcessInstaller to specify a user account under which the service will run.
An executable can contain more than one service but must contain a separate ServiceInstaller for each service. The ServiceInstaller instance registers the service with the system. The installer also associates each service with an event log that you can use to record service commands. The main() function in the executable defines which services should run. The current working directory of the service is the system directory, not the directory in which the executable is located.
When you start a service, the system locates the executable and runs the OnStart method for that service, contained within the executable. However, running the service is not the same as running the executable. The executable only loads the service. The service is accessed (for example, started and stopped) through the Service Control Manager.
The executable calls the OnStart command-handling method is called immediately after the constructor executes. The constructor is not executed again after the first time the service has been loaded, so it is necessary to separate the processing performed by the constructor from that performed by OnStart. Any resources that can be released by OnStop should be created in OnStart. Creating resources in the constructor prevents them from being created properly if the service is started again after OnStop has released the resources.derived class's constructor the first time you call Start on the service. The
The Service Control Manager (SCM) provides a way to interact with the service. You can use the SCM to pass Start, Stop, Pause, Continue, or custom commands into the service. The SCM uses the values of and to determine whether the service accepts Stop, Pause, or Continue commands. Stop, Pause, and Continue are enabled in the SCM's context menus only if the corresponding property or is true in the service class. If enabled, the command is passed to the service, and OnStop, OnPause, or OnContinue is called. If , , or is false, the corresponding command-handling method (such as OnStop) will not be processed, even if you have implemented the method.
You can use the ServiceController class to do programmatically what the SCM does using a user interface. You can automate the tasks available in the console. If , , or is true but you have not implemented a corresponding command-handling method (such as OnStop) the system throws an exception and ignores the command.
You do not have to implement OnStart, OnStop, or any other method in . However, the service's behavior is described in OnStart, so at minimum, this member should be overridden. The main() function of the executable registers the service in the executable with the Service Control Manager by calling the Run method. The property of the object passed to the Run method must match the property of the service installer for that service.
You can use InstallUtil.exe to install services on your system.
Available since 1.1
Any public static ( Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.