.NET Framework Class Library
ValueTypeEquals Method

Indicates whether this instance and a specified object are equal.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
Public Overrides Function Equals ( _
	obj As [%$TOPIC/2dts52z7_en-us_VS_110_1_0_0_0_0%] _
) As [%$TOPIC/2dts52z7_en-us_VS_110_1_0_0_0_1%]
public override [%$TOPIC/2dts52z7_en-us_VS_110_1_0_1_0_0%] Equals(
	[%$TOPIC/2dts52z7_en-us_VS_110_1_0_1_0_1%] obj
virtual [%$TOPIC/2dts52z7_en-us_VS_110_1_0_2_0_0%] Equals(
	[%$TOPIC/2dts52z7_en-us_VS_110_1_0_2_0_1%]^ obj
) override
abstract Equals : 
        obj:[%$TOPIC/2dts52z7_en-us_VS_110_1_0_3_0_0%] -> [%$TOPIC/2dts52z7_en-us_VS_110_1_0_3_0_1%]  
override Equals : 
        obj:[%$TOPIC/2dts52z7_en-us_VS_110_1_0_3_0_2%] -> [%$TOPIC/2dts52z7_en-us_VS_110_1_0_3_0_3%]
public override function Equals(
	obj : [%$TOPIC/2dts52z7_en-us_VS_110_1_0_4_0_0%]
) : [%$TOPIC/2dts52z7_en-us_VS_110_1_0_4_0_1%]


Type: SystemObject

The object to compare with the current instance.

Return Value

Type: SystemBoolean
true if obj and this instance are the same type and represent the same value; otherwise, false.

The ValueTypeEquals(Object) method overrides ObjectEquals(Object) and provides the default implementation of value equality for all value types in the .NET Framework.

If none of the fields of the current instance and obj are reference types, the Equals method performs a byte-by-byte comparison of the two objects in memory. Otherwise, it uses reflection to compare the corresponding fields of obj and this instance.


Particularly if your value type contains fields that are reference types, you should override the Equals(Object) method. This can improve performance and enable you to more closely represent the meaning of equality for the type.

Notes for the Windows Runtime

When you call the Equals method on a Windows Runtime structure, it provides the default behavior for value types that don’t override Equals. This is part of the support that the .NET Framework provides for the Windows Runtime (see .NET Framework Support for Windows Store Apps and Windows Runtime). Windows Runtime structures can’t override Equals, even if they’re written with C# or Visual Basic, because they can’t have methods. (In addition, structures in the Windows Runtime itself don’t inherit ValueType.) However, they appear to have ToString, Equals, and GetHashCode methods when you use them in your C# or Visual Basic code, and the .NET Framework provides the default behavior for these methods.


The following example demonstrates how the Equals method can be overridden by a derived value type.

Public Structure Complex
   Private m_Re As Double 
   Private m_Im As Double 

   Public Overloads Function Equals(ob As Object) As Boolean 
      If TypeOf ob Is Complex Then 
         Dim c As Complex = CType(ob, Complex)
         Return m_Re = c.m_Re And m_Im = c.m_Im
         Return False 
      End If 
   End Function 

   Public Overloads Function GetHashCode() As Integer 
      Return m_Re.GetHashCode() ^ m_Im.GetHashCode()
   End Function 

End Structure
public struct Complex 
		public double m_Re;
		public double m_Im;

		public override bool Equals( object ob ){
			if( ob is Complex ) {
				Complex c = (Complex) ob;
				return m_Re==c.m_Re && m_Im==c.m_Im;
			else {
				return false;

		public override int GetHashCode(){
			return m_Re.GetHashCode() ^ m_Im.GetHashCode();
public ref struct Complex
   double m_Re;
   double m_Im;
   virtual bool Equals( Object^ ob ) override
      if ( dynamic_cast<Complex^>(ob) )
         Complex^ c = dynamic_cast<Complex^>(ob);
         return m_Re == c->m_Re && m_Im == c->m_Im;
         return false;

   virtual int GetHashCode() override
      return m_Re.GetHashCode() ^ m_Im.GetHashCode();
Version Information

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8