Defines an object that represents a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) value and parses it into components. The Uri object is used by many other Windows Runtime APIs that are not necessarily confined to web browser scenarios.
.NET: When programming with .NET, this type is hidden and developers should use System.Uri. See Remarks.
var uri = new Windows.Foundation.Uri(string); var uri = new Windows.Foundation.Uri(string, string);
The Uri class has these types of members:
The Uri class has these constructors.
|Uri(String)||Initializes a new Uri object from the specified Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) string. Initializing the Uri also parses the string and populates the Uri properties that represent Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) components.|
|Uri(String,String)||Initializes a new Uri by combining a base Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) and a relative Uniform Resource Identifier (URI). Initializing the Uri also parses the combined string and populates the Uri properties that represent Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) components.|
The Uri class has these methods. With C#, Visual Basic, and C++, it also inherits methods from the Object class.
|CombineUri||Adds the specified Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) to the current Uri.|
|Equals||Determines whether the specified Uri object is equal to the current Uri object.|
|EscapeComponent||Converts a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) string to its escaped representation.|
|ToString||Gets a canonical string representation for the current Uri.|
|UnescapeComponent||Converts the specified string by replacing any escape sequences with their unescaped representation.|
The Uri class has these properties.
|Read-only||Gets a fully canonical RFC-compliant representation of the current URI.|
|Read-only||Gets the entire, non-canonical URI (It is non-canonical because it might actually be an IRI, per the Windows.Foundation.Uri encoding behavior; see Remarks.).|
|Read-only||Gets the decoded unicode characters that make up the current URI.|
|Read-only||Gets a representation of the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) that can be used for display purposes.|
|Read-only||Gets the domain name component, including top-level domain, from a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI).|
|Read-only||Gets the file name extension of the resource that is referenced in the Uri.|
|Read-only||Gets the text following a fragment marker (#), including the fragment marker itself.|
|Read-only||Gets the fully qualified domain name.|
|Read-only||Gets the password component of the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) as stored in this Uri instance.|
|Read-only||Gets the path and resource name component of the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) as stored in this Uri instance.|
|Read-only||Gets the port number component of the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) as stored in this Uri instance|
|Read-only||Gets the query string component of the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) as stored in this Uri instance.|
|Read-only||Gets a parsed Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) query string.|
|Read-only||Gets the entire original Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) string as used to construct this Uri object, before parsing, and without any encoding applied.|
|Read-only||Gets the protocol scheme name component of the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) as stored in this Uri instance|
|Read-only||Gets a value that indicates whether parsing determined that the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) is not well-formed.|
|Read-only||Gets the user name component of the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) as stored in this Uri instance.|
When programming with .NET, this class is hidden and developers should use the System.Uri class, which uses RFC 3987 rules to encode and decode URIs. The Windows.Foundation.Uri class doesn't percent-encode non-ASCII characters in URIs where the scheme refers to a Windows file path (like ms-appx:). Windows.Foundation.Uri also interprets percent-encoding using the user's current codepage.
The available members of System.Uri are similar but different than the members of Windows.Foundation.Uri, and some of the basic behaviors described in this topic are different. For more info on the encoding differences and what members are available, see System.Uri (particularly the Remarks).
Here is a breakdown of the parts of an example URI:
In this example:
- scheme is http
- host is msdn.microsoft.com
- domain is microsoft.com (a subset of host)
- extension is aspx
- query is cs-save-lang=1&cs-lang=cpp
- fragment is code-snippet-1
Windows Runtime has several schemes that are unique to a Windows Runtime app, and these refer to assets that are part of the app. Generally, these schemes are what you can use instead of the file: scheme, to refer to packaged files and other assets that you've included as part of your app package, or assets that are otherwise associated with an installed app:
- ms-appx: references the app’s locally-packaged files.
- ms-appdata: refers to app files that come from the app's local, roaming, and temporary data folders. For more info see URI schemes or Accessing app data with the Windows Runtime.
- ms-resource: refers to app resources in the Resource Management System. For more info, see "How to load string resources" (HTML or XAML).
Each of these schemes ignores many of the component parts of a URI that are intended for other schemes (for example, Query and Fragment). Also, certain components are explicitly disallowed and cause the Uri value using these schemes to be treated as an invalid input (for example UserName and Password values in an ms-appx: Uri scheme will invalidate a Uri). For more info, see URI schemes.
In most cases, you use these schemes with three slashes (example: ms-appx:///page.html), which references the root of the current app, using the current app as authority. Usages with two slashes are possible, but might require specifying the authority name explicitly. Usages with two slashes can refer to a package dependency as the authority, or can refer to relative locations within the app. For more info, see URI schemes.
At a code level, the Windows Runtime does not support relative URIs. All Uri objects you create must represent an absolute URI. The schemes listed in the previous section are actually absolute URIs, because the host and authority are implicit for each scheme and the remainder of the path is evaluated under that authority.
This example creates a Uri object that represents a URI that's using the http protocol to access a website.
// The URI string var uriToLaunch = "http://www.bing.com"; // Create a Uri object from the URI string var uri = new Windows.Foundation.Uri(uriToLaunch);
This example creates a URI that uses the ms-appx protocol to access an image file in the app package.
// The URI string var uriImage = "ms-appx:///images/SecondaryTileDefault-sdk.png"; // Create a Uri object from the URI string var uri = new Windows.Foundation.Uri(uriImage);
This example creates a URI that uses the ms-appdata protocol to access a file in local app data store for your app.
// The URI string var uriFile = "ms-appdata:///local/file.ext"; // Create a Uri object from the URI string var uri = new Windows.Foundation.Uri(uriFile);
Requirements (Windows 10 device family)
Requirements (Windows 8.x and Windows Phone 8.x)
Minimum supported client
|Windows 8 [Windows Store apps, desktop apps]|
Minimum supported server
|Windows Server 2012 [Windows Store apps, desktop apps]|
Minimum supported phone
|Windows Phone 8|
- How to reference content (HTML)
- How to load file resources (XAML)
- Connecting to networks and web services
- RFC 3986
- RFC 3987