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Ranking Functions (Transact-SQL)

Applies To: SQL Server 2014, SQL Server 2016 Preview

Topic Status: Some information in this topic is preview and subject to change in future releases. Preview information describes new features or changes to existing features in Microsoft SQL Server 2016 Community Technology Preview 2 (CTP2).

Ranking functions return a ranking value for each row in a partition. Depending on the function that is used, some rows might receive the same value as other rows. Ranking functions are nondeterministic.

Transact-SQL provides the following ranking functions:

The following shows the four ranking functions used in the same query. For function specific examples, see each ranking function.

USE AdventureWorks2012;
GO
SELECT p.FirstName, p.LastName
    ,ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY a.PostalCode) AS "Row Number"
    ,RANK() OVER (ORDER BY a.PostalCode) AS Rank
    ,DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY a.PostalCode) AS "Dense Rank"
    ,NTILE(4) OVER (ORDER BY a.PostalCode) AS Quartile
    ,s.SalesYTD
    ,a.PostalCode
FROM Sales.SalesPerson AS s 
    INNER JOIN Person.Person AS p 
        ON s.BusinessEntityID = p.BusinessEntityID
    INNER JOIN Person.Address AS a 
        ON a.AddressID = p.BusinessEntityID
WHERE TerritoryID IS NOT NULL AND SalesYTD <> 0;

Here is the result set.

FirstName

LastName

Row Number

Rank

Dense Rank

Quartile

SalesYTD

PostalCode

Michael

Blythe

1

1

1

1

4557045.0459

98027

Linda

Mitchell

2

1

1

1

5200475.2313

98027

Jillian

Carson

3

1

1

1

3857163.6332

98027

Garrett

Vargas

4

1

1

1

1764938.9859

98027

Tsvi

Reiter

5

1

1

2

2811012.7151

98027

Shu

Ito

6

6

2

2

3018725.4858

98055

José

Saraiva

7

6

2

2

3189356.2465

98055

David

Campbell

8

6

2

3

3587378.4257

98055

Tete

Mensa-Annan

9

6

2

3

1931620.1835

98055

Lynn

Tsoflias

10

6

2

3

1758385.926

98055

Rachel

Valdez

11

6

2

4

2241204.0424

98055

Jae

Pak

12

6

2

4

5015682.3752

98055

Ranjit

Varkey Chudukatil

13

6

2

4

3827950.238

98055

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