AdjustTokenGroups function

The AdjustTokenGroups function enables or disables groups already present in the specified access token. Access to TOKEN_ADJUST_GROUPS is required to enable or disable groups in an access token.


BOOL WINAPI AdjustTokenGroups(
  _In_      HANDLE        TokenHandle,
  _In_      BOOL          ResetToDefault,
  _In_opt_  PTOKEN_GROUPS NewState,
  _In_      DWORD         BufferLength,
  _Out_opt_ PTOKEN_GROUPS PreviousState,
  _Out_opt_ PDWORD        ReturnLength


TokenHandle [in]

A handle to the access token that contains the groups to be enabled or disabled. The handle must have TOKEN_ADJUST_GROUPS access to the token. If the PreviousState parameter is not NULL, the handle must also have TOKEN_QUERY access.

ResetToDefault [in]

Boolean value that indicates whether the groups are to be set to their default enabled and disabled states. If this value is TRUE, the groups are set to their default states and the NewState parameter is ignored. If this value is FALSE, the groups are set according to the information pointed to by the NewState parameter.

NewState [in, optional]

A pointer to a TOKEN_GROUPS structure that contains the groups to be enabled or disabled. If the ResetToDefault parameter is FALSE, the function sets each of the groups to the value of that group's SE_GROUP_ENABLED attribute in the TOKEN_GROUPS structure. If ResetToDefault is TRUE, this parameter is ignored.

BufferLength [in]

The size, in bytes, of the buffer pointed to by the PreviousState parameter. This parameter can be zero if the PreviousState parameter is NULL.

PreviousState [out, optional]

A pointer to a buffer that receives a TOKEN_GROUPS structure containing the previous state of any groups the function modifies. That is, if a group has been modified by this function, the group and its previous state are contained in the TOKEN_GROUPS structure referenced by PreviousState. If the GroupCount member of TOKEN_GROUPS is zero, then no groups have been changed by this function. This parameter can be NULL.

If a buffer is specified but it does not contain enough space to receive the complete list of modified groups, no group states are changed and the function fails. In this case, the function sets the variable pointed to by the ReturnLength parameter to the number of bytes required to hold the complete list of modified groups.

ReturnLength [out, optional]

A pointer to a variable that receives the actual number of bytes needed for the buffer pointed to by the PreviousState parameter. This parameter can be NULL and is ignored if PreviousState is NULL.

Return value

If the function succeeds, the return value is nonzero.

If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.


The information retrieved in the PreviousState parameter is formatted as a TOKEN_GROUPS structure. This means a pointer to the buffer can be passed as the NewState parameter in a subsequent call to the AdjustTokenGroups function, restoring the original state of the groups.

The NewState parameter can list groups to be changed that are not present in the access token. This does not affect the successful modification of the groups in the token.

The AdjustTokenGroups function cannot disable groups with the SE_GROUP_MANDATORY attribute in the TOKEN_GROUPS structure. Use CreateRestrictedToken instead.

You cannot enable a group that has the SE_GROUP_USE_FOR_DENY_ONLY attribute.


Minimum supported client

Windows XP [desktop apps | UWP apps]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps | UWP apps]


Winbase.h (include Windows.h)





See also

Access Control Overview
Basic Access Control Functions