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DataAdapter.Fill Method (DataSet)

Adds or refreshes rows in the DataSet to match those in the data source using the DataSet name, and creates a DataTable.

Namespace: System.Data.Common
Assembly: System.Data (in

Public Overridable Function Fill ( _
	dataSet As DataSet _
) As Integer
Dim instance As DataAdapter
Dim dataSet As DataSet
Dim returnValue As Integer

returnValue = instance.Fill(dataSet)
public int Fill (
	DataSet dataSet
public function Fill (
	dataSet : DataSet
) : int



A DataSet to fill with records and, if necessary, schema.

Return Value

The number of rows successfully added to or refreshed in the DataSet. This does not include rows affected by statements that do not return rows.

The Fill method retrieves rows from the data source using the SELECT statement specified by an associated SelectCommand property. The connection object associated with the SELECT statement must be valid, but it does not need to be open. If the connection is closed before Fill is called, it is opened to retrieve data, then closed. If the connection is open before Fill is called, it remains open.

The Fill operation then adds the rows to destination DataTable objects in the DataSet, creating the DataTable objects if they do not already exist. When creating DataTable objects, the Fill operation normally creates only column name metadata. However, if the MissingSchemaAction property is set to AddWithKey, appropriate primary keys and constraints are also created.

If the SelectCommand returns the results of an OUTER JOIN, the DataAdapter does not set a PrimaryKey value for the resulting DataTable. You must explicitly define the primary key to ensure that duplicate rows are resolved correctly. For more information, see Defining a Primary Key for a Table.

If the data adapter encounters duplicate columns while populating a DataTable, it generates names for the subsequent columns, using the pattern "columnname1", "columnname2", "columnname3", and so on. If the incoming data contains unnamed columns, they are placed in the DataSet according to the pattern "Column1", "Column2", and so on. When multiple result sets are added to the DataSet each result set is placed in a separate table. Additional result sets are named by appending integral values to the specified table name (for example, "Table", "Table1", "Table2", and so on). Applications using column and table names should ensure that conflicts with these naming patterns does not occur.

When the SELECT statement used to populate the DataSet returns multiple results, such as a batch SQL statements, if one of the results contains an error, all subsequent results are skipped and not added to the DataSet.

You can use the Fill method multiple times on the same DataTable. If a primary key exists, incoming rows are merged with matching rows that already exist. If no primary key exists, incoming rows are appended to the DataTable.


When handling batch SQL statements that return multiple results, the implementation of FillSchema for the .NET Framework Data Provider for OLE DB retrieves schema information for only the first result. To retrieve schema information for multiple results, use Fill with the MissingSchemaAction set to AddWithKey.

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0