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minus Class 

The class provides a predefined function object that performs the arithmetic operation of subtraction on elements of a specified value type.


template<class Type>
   struct minus : public binary_function <Type, Type, Type> 
   {
      Type operator()(
         const Type& _Left, 
         const Type& _Right
      ) const;
   };

Parameters

_Left

A number that is of the parameter type Type from which another number is to be subtracted by the function object.

_Right

A number that is of the parameter type Type that is to be subtracted from another by the function object.

The sum _Left - _Right.

// functional_minus.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
#include <vector>
#include <functional>
#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

int main( )
{
   vector <int> v1, v2, v3 ( 6 );
   vector <int>::iterator Iter1, Iter2, Iter3;
   
   int i;
   for ( i = 0 ; i <= 5 ; i++ )
   {
      v1.push_back( 4 * i + 1);
   }

   int j;
   for ( j = 0 ; j <= 5 ; j++ )
   {
      v2.push_back( 3 * j - 1);
   }

   cout << "The vector v1 = ( " ;
   for ( Iter1 = v1.begin( ) ; Iter1 != v1.end( ) ; Iter1++ )
      cout << *Iter1 << " ";
   cout << ")" << endl;

   cout << "The vector v2 = ( " ;
   for ( Iter2 = v2.begin( ) ; Iter2 != v2.end( ) ; Iter2++ )
      cout << *Iter2 << " ";
   cout << ")" << endl;

   // Finding the element-wise diference of the elements of v1 & v2
   transform ( v1.begin( ),  v1.end( ), v2.begin( ), v3.begin ( ), 
      minus<int>( ) );

   cout << "The element-wise differences between v1 and v2 are: ( " ;
   for ( Iter3 = v3.begin( ) ; Iter3 != v3.end( ) ; Iter3++ )
      cout << *Iter3 << " ";
   cout << ")" << endl;
}

Output

The vector v1 = ( 1 5 9 13 17 21 )
The vector v2 = ( -1 2 5 8 11 14 )
The element-wise differences between v1 and v2 are: ( 2 3 4 5 6 7 )

Header: <functional>

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