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IRR Function

Returns a Double specifying the internal rate of return for a series of periodic cash flows (payments and receipts).

Function IRR( _
    ByRef ValueArray() As Double, _
   Optional ByVal Guess As Double = 0.1 _
) As Double


Required. Array of Double specifying cash flow values. The array must contain at least one negative value (a payment) and one positive value (a receipt).
Optional. Object specifying value you estimate will be returned by IRR. If omitted, Guess is 0.1 (10 percent).


Exception type Error number Condition
ArgumentException 5 Array argument values are invalid.


The internal rate of return is the interest rate received for an investment consisting of payments and receipts that occur at regular intervals.

The IRR function uses the order of values within the array to interpret the order of payments and receipts. Be sure to enter your payment and receipt values in the correct sequence. The cash flow for each period doesn't need to be fixed, as it is for an annuity.

IRR is calculated by iteration. Starting with the value of Guess, IRR cycles through the calculation until the result is accurate to within 0.00001 percent. If IRR can't find a result after 20 tries, it fails.


In this example, the IRR function returns the internal rate of return for a series of 5 cash flows contained in the array Values(). The first array element is a negative cash flow representing business start-up costs. The remaining 4 cash flows represent positive cash flows for the subsequent 4 years. Guess is the estimated internal rate of return.

Sub TestIRR()
   Dim Guess, RetRate, Values(4) As Double
   Dim Fmt, Msg As String
   Guess = 0.1  ' Guess starts at 10 percent.
   Fmt = "#0.00"   ' Define percentage format.
   Values(0) = -70000   ' Business start-up costs.
   ' Positive cash flows reflecting income for four successive years.
   Values(1) = 22000 : Values(2) = 25000
   Values(3) = 28000 : Values(4) = 31000
   RetRate = IRR(Values, Guess) * 100   ' Calculate internal rate.
   Msg = "The internal rate of return for these five cash flows is "
   Msg = Msg & Format(RetRate, CStr(Fmt)) & " percent."
   MsgBox(Msg)    ' Display internal return rate.
End Sub


Namespace: Microsoft.VisualBasic

Module: Financial

Assembly: Microsoft Visual Basic .NET Runtime (in Microsoft.VisualBasic.dll)

See Also

DDB Function | FV Function | IPmt Function | MIRR Function | NPer Function | NPV Function | Pmt Function | PPmt Function | PV Function | Rate Function | SLN Function | SYD Function | ArgumentException Class