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XmlAttributes.XmlRoot Property

Gets or sets an object that specifies how the XmlSerializer serializes a class as an XML root element.

Namespace:  System.Xml.Serialization
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public XmlRootAttribute XmlRoot { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.Xml.Serialization.XmlRootAttribute
An XmlRootAttribute that overrides a class attributed as an XML root element.

The following example creates an XmlAttributeOverrides object, an XmlAttributes object, and an XmlRootAttribute object. The example assigns the XmlRootAttribute to the XmlRoot property of the XmlAttributes object, and adds the XmlAttributes object to the XmlAttributeOverrides object. Lastly, the example gets the XmlAttributes object by passing the Type of the serialized class to the XmlAttributeOverrides object. (In this example, the Type is Group.)

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml.Serialization;

// This is the class that will be serialized.
public class Group
   public string GroupName;
   public int GroupCode;

public class Test
   public static void Main()
      Test t = new Test();

   // Return an XmlSerializer for overriding attributes.
   public XmlSerializer CreateOverrider()
      // Create the XmlAttributes and XmlAttributeOverrides objects.
      XmlAttributes attrs = new XmlAttributes();
      XmlAttributeOverrides xOver = new XmlAttributeOverrides();

      XmlRootAttribute xRoot = new XmlRootAttribute();

      // Set a new Namespace and ElementName for the root element.
      xRoot.Namespace = "";
      xRoot.ElementName = "NewGroup";
      attrs.XmlRoot = xRoot;

      /* Add the XmlAttributes object to the XmlAttributeOverrides. 
         No  member name is needed because the whole class is 
         overridden. */
      xOver.Add(typeof(Group), attrs);

      // Get the XmlAttributes object, based on the type.
      XmlAttributes tempAttrs;
      tempAttrs = xOver[typeof(Group)];

      // Print the Namespace and ElementName of the root.

      XmlSerializer xSer = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group), xOver);
      return xSer;

   public void SerializeObject(string filename)
      // Create the XmlSerializer using the CreateOverrider method.
      XmlSerializer xSer = CreateOverrider();

      // Create the object to serialize.
      Group myGroup = new Group();
      myGroup.GroupName = ".NET";
      myGroup.GroupCode = 123;

      // To write the file, a TextWriter is required.
      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

      // Serialize the object and close the TextWriter.
      xSer.Serialize(writer, myGroup);

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.