XmlSchemaComplexContentRestriction Class

Represents the restriction element from XML Schema as specified by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). This class is for complex types with a complex content model derived by restriction. It restricts the contents of the complex type to a subset of the inherited complex type.

Namespace: System.Xml.Schema
Assembly: System.Xml (in system.xml.dll)

public class XmlSchemaComplexContentRestriction : XmlSchemaContent
public class XmlSchemaComplexContentRestriction extends XmlSchemaContent
public class XmlSchemaComplexContentRestriction extends XmlSchemaContent

The following example creates a complexContent element extended by restriction.

using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Schema;

class XMLSchemaExamples
    public static void Main()

        XmlSchema schema = new XmlSchema();

        // <xs:complexType name="phoneNumber">
        XmlSchemaComplexType phoneNumber = new XmlSchemaComplexType();
        phoneNumber.Name = "phoneNumber";

        // <xs:sequence>
        XmlSchemaSequence phoneNumberSequence = new XmlSchemaSequence();

        // <xs:element name="areaCode"/>
        XmlSchemaElement areaCode1 = new XmlSchemaElement();
        areaCode1.MinOccurs = 0;
        areaCode1.MaxOccursString = "1";
        areaCode1.Name = "areaCode";

        // <xs:element name="prefix"/>
        XmlSchemaElement prefix1 = new XmlSchemaElement();
        prefix1.MinOccurs = 1;
        prefix1.MaxOccursString = "1";
        prefix1.Name = "prefix";

        // <xs:element name="number"/>
        XmlSchemaElement number1 = new XmlSchemaElement();
        number1.MinOccurs = 1;
        number1.MaxOccursString = "1";
        number1.Name = "number";

        phoneNumber.Particle = phoneNumberSequence;


        // <xs:complexType name="localPhoneNumber">
        XmlSchemaComplexType localPhoneNumber = new XmlSchemaComplexType();
        localPhoneNumber.Name = "localPhoneNumber";

        // <xs:complexContent>
        XmlSchemaComplexContent complexContent = new XmlSchemaComplexContent();

        // <xs:restriction base="phoneNumber">
        XmlSchemaComplexContentRestriction restriction = new XmlSchemaComplexContentRestriction();
        restriction.BaseTypeName = new XmlQualifiedName("phoneNumber", "");

        // <xs:sequence>
        XmlSchemaSequence sequence2 = new XmlSchemaSequence();

        // <xs:element name="areaCode" minOccurs="0"/>
        XmlSchemaElement areaCode2 = new XmlSchemaElement();
        areaCode2.MinOccurs = 0;
        areaCode2.MaxOccursString = "1";
        areaCode2.Name = "areaCode";

        // <xs:element name="prefix"/>
        XmlSchemaElement prefix2 = new XmlSchemaElement();
        prefix2.MinOccurs = 1;
        prefix2.MaxOccursString = "1";
        prefix2.Name = "prefix";

        // <xs:element name="number"/>
        XmlSchemaElement number2 = new XmlSchemaElement();
        number2.MinOccurs = 1;
        number2.MaxOccursString = "1";
        number2.Name = "number";

        restriction.Particle = sequence2;
        complexContent.Content = restriction;
        localPhoneNumber.ContentModel = complexContent;


        XmlSchemaSet schemaSet = new XmlSchemaSet();
        schemaSet.ValidationEventHandler += new ValidationEventHandler(ValidationCallbackOne);

        XmlSchema compiledSchema = null;

        foreach (XmlSchema schema1 in schemaSet.Schemas())
            compiledSchema = schema1;

        XmlNamespaceManager nsmgr = new XmlNamespaceManager(new NameTable());
        nsmgr.AddNamespace("xs", "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema");
        compiledSchema.Write(Console.Out, nsmgr);

    public static void ValidationCallbackOne(object sender, ValidationEventArgs args)

The following XML file is generated for the preceding code example.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="IBM437"?>
<xs:schema  xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">

    <xs:complexType name="phoneNumber">
            <xs:element name="areaCode" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>
            <xs:element name="prefix" minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1"/>
            <xs:element name="number" minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1"/>

    <xs:complexType name="localPhoneNumber">
        <xs:complexContent mixed="false">
            <xs:restriction base="phoneNumber">
                    <xs:element name="areaCode" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>
                    <xs:element name="prefix" minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1"/>
                    <xs:element name="number" minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1"/>


Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0

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