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NativeWindow.WndProc Method

Invokes the default window procedure associated with this window.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

protected virtual void WndProc(
	ref Message m


Type: System.Windows.Forms.Message%
A Message that is associated with the current Windows message.

This method is called when a window message is sent to the handle of the window.

Notes to Inheritors

Override this method to implement specific message processing. Call base.WndProc for unhandled messages.

The following code example demonstrates intercepting operating system window messages in a window procedure. The example creates a class that inherits from NativeWindow to accomplish this.

The MyNativeWindowListener class hooks into the window procedure of the form passed into the constructor, and overrides the WndProc method to intercept the WM_ACTIVATEAPP window message. The class demonstrates the use of the AssignHandle and ReleaseHandle methods to identify the window handle the NativeWindow will use. The handle is assigned based upon the Control.HandleCreated and Control.HandleDestroyed events. When the WM_ACTIVATEAPP window message is received, the class calls the form1 ApplicationActivated method.

This code is an excerpt from the example shown in the NativeWindow class overview. Some code is not shown for the purpose of brevity. See NativeWindow for the whole code listing.

// NativeWindow class to listen to operating system messages.
[System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSet(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name = "FullTrust")]
internal class MyNativeWindowListener : NativeWindow

    // Constant value was found in the "windows.h" header file.
    private const int WM_ACTIVATEAPP = 0x001C;

    private Form1 parent;

    public MyNativeWindowListener(Form1 parent)

        parent.HandleCreated += new EventHandler(this.OnHandleCreated);
        parent.HandleDestroyed += new EventHandler(this.OnHandleDestroyed);
        this.parent = parent;

    // Listen for the control's window creation and then hook into it.
    internal void OnHandleCreated(object sender, EventArgs e)
        // Window is now created, assign handle to NativeWindow.
    internal void OnHandleDestroyed(object sender, EventArgs e)
        // Window was destroyed, release hook.
    [System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSet(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name = "FullTrust")]
    protected override void WndProc(ref Message m)
        // Listen for operating system messages

        switch (m.Msg)
            case WM_ACTIVATEAPP:

                // Notify the form that this message was received.
                // Application is activated or deactivated, 
                // based upon the WParam parameter.
                parent.ApplicationActivated(((int)m.WParam != 0));

        base.WndProc(ref m);

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.