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HttpFileCollection Class

Provides access to and organizes files uploaded by a client.

Namespace:  System.Web
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

[AspNetHostingPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
public sealed class HttpFileCollection : NameObjectCollectionBase

Clients encode files and transmit them in the content body using multipart MIME format with an HTTP Content-Type header of multipart/form-data. ASP.NET extracts the encoded file(s) from the content body into individual members of an HttpFileCollection. Methods and properties of the HttpPostedFile class provide access to the contents and properties of each file.

The following example demonstrates how to access the HttpFileCollection collection returned from the Files property of the HttpRequest object. The HttpFileCollection collection is populated by two FileUpload controls on the Web page. Items in the file collection are displayed in a BulletedList control.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "">

<script runat="server">

    protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        // Clear the BulletedList.

        // Check to see if at least one file was specified. 
        if (FileUpload1.HasFile | FileUpload2.HasFile)
            Label1.Text = "The file collection consists of:";

            // Get the HttpFileCollection.
            HttpFileCollection hfc = Request.Files;
            foreach (String h in hfc.AllKeys)
                // Add an item to the BulletedList if a file 
                // was specified for the corresponding control. 
                if (hfc[h].ContentLength > 0)

            Label1.Text = "You did not specify any files to upload or " +
                "the file(s) could not be found.";


<html xmlns="" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>HttpFileCollection Example</title>
    <form id="form1" 
        <asp:FileUpload ID="FileUpload1" 
                        runat="server" />
        <br />
        <asp:FileUpload ID="FileUpload2" 
                        runat="server" />
        <br />
        <asp:Button ID="Button1" 
                    Text="Upload" />
        <br />
        <asp:Label ID="Label1" 
        <br />
        <asp:BulletedList ID="BulletedList1" 

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0